Journal is indexed in following databases:



2022 Journal Impact Factor - 0.6
2022 CiteScore - 1.7



HomePage
 




 


 

ISSN 2083-6473
ISSN 2083-6481 (electronic version)
 

 

 

Editor-in-Chief

Associate Editor
Prof. Tomasz Neumann
 

Published by
TransNav, Faculty of Navigation
Gdynia Maritime University
3, John Paul II Avenue
81-345 Gdynia, POLAND
www http://www.transnav.eu
e-mail transnav@umg.edu.pl
Anti-drone Sensors, Effectors, and Systems – A Concise Overview
1 Military University of Technology, Warsaw, Poland
ABSTRACT: The dynamic development of microelectronics and wireless communication at the turn of the 20th and 21st centuries contributed to the increase in the availability and popularity of all kinds of unmanned platforms, air, land, surface, and underwater. In the case of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), also popularly known as drones, the significant (crucial) advantages are high freedom of motion (i.e., the ability to move in three planes) and the possibility of using it practically anywhere (as opposed to water platforms). These factors influenced the dynamic development of this market sector and the high availability of various models and equipment. UAVs are being used in many sectors and services, both for civil and military purposes. Widespread availability, low cost, and ease of use also favor the possibility of using civilian UAVs for criminal, smuggling, terrorist, or military purposes. Recent armed conflicts, e.g., in Nagorno-Karabakh or Ukraine, and the situation on the eastern Polish-Belarusian border clearly show this. All countries recognize the potential and threat posed by the development of unmanned platforms. Therefore, for several years, special attention has been paid to analyses and research in sensors, effectors, and anti-drone systems. It is worth emphasizing that some effectors (e.g., jammers or spoofers) may significantly affect the navigation process of neighboring objects that use global navigation satellite systems (GNSSs). On the other hand, the use of anti-drone systems is important, especially in the context of protecting institutions and facilities of companies, state administration (i.a., embassies, consulates), army, strategic importance objects (e.g., related to energy, chemical industry), or protection of mass events. In this paper, we present an overview of solutions available on the market and development directions in the field of anti-drone technology.
REFERENCES
IEEE, “Search Results ‘anti-drone,’” IEEE Xplore. https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/search/searchresult.jsp?queryText=anti-drone&highlight=true&returnType=SEARCH&matchPubs=true&returnFacets=ALL (accessed Mar. 12, 2023).
S. Park, H. T. Kim, S. Lee, H. Joo, and H. Kim, “Survey on anti-drone systems: Components, designs, and challenges,” IEEE Access, vol. 9, pp. 42635–42659, 2021, doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2021.3065926. - doi:10.1109/ACCESS.2021.3065926
X. Shi, C. Yang, W. Xie, C. Liang, Z. Shi, and J. Chen, “Anti-drone system with multiple surveillance technologies: Architecture, implementation, and challenges,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 56, no. 4, pp. 68–74, Apr. 2018, doi: 10.1109/MCOM.2018.1700430. - doi:10.1109/MCOM.2018.1700430
Dedrone, “Best antidrone solution uses multilayer approach for complete solution.” https://www.dedrone.com/products/counter-drone-technology (accessed Mar. 12, 2023).
Leonardo UK Ltd, “Falcon Shield.” https://uk.leonardo.com/en/innovation/falcon-shield
Lockheed Martin, “Laser Weapon Systems,” Lockheed Martin, Apr. 19, 2022. https://www.lockheedmartin.com/en-us/capabilities/directed-energy/laser-weapon-systems.html
Rohde & Schwarz GmbH & Co. KG, “Counter drone systems.” https://www.rohde-schwarz.com/nl/products/aerospace-defense-security/counter-drone-systems_250881.html
Rohde & Schwarz, “R&S®ARDN-GS. Countering autonomously navigating drones that use GNSS based localization,” Rohde & Schwarz GmbH & Co. KG, Munich, Germany, 2.00, Apr. 2020.
Squarehead Technology AS, “Precision Acoustic Detection.” https://www.sqhead.com/drone-detection/
Rohde & Schwarz, “GUARDION. Countering drones system description,” Rohde & Schwarz GmbH & Co. KG, Munich, Germany, 1.04.
Robin Radar Systems, “ELVIRA® Anti-Drone System.” https://www.robinradar.com/elvira-anti-drone-system
APS, “Kompleksowy system antydronowy,” APS. https://apsystems.tech/produkty/sky-ctrl/
Diehl Defence GmbH & Co. KG, ESG Elektroniksystem- und Logistik-GmbH, and Rohde & Schwarz GmbH & Co. KG, “GUARDION Countering Drones.” https://guardion.eu/
DRS RADA Technologies, “Military Radar Solutions: Hemispheric Coverage,” DRS RADA Technologies. https://www.drsrada.com/radars (accessed Mar. 15, 2023).
DRS RADA Technologies, “Multi-Mission Hemispheric Radar (MHR),” DRS RADA Technologies. https://www.drsrada.com/products/mhr (accessed Mar. 15, 2023).
Echodyne, “Counter Drone Radar,” Echodyne. https://www.echodyne.com/applications/government/counter-drone-radar/ (accessed Mar. 15, 2023).
Hertz Systems, “Systemy antydronowe.” https://www.hertzsystems.com/systemy-antydronowe/
Teledyne FLIR, “Ranger R8SS-3D Air and Ground Drone Surveillance Panel Radar,” Teledyne FLIR. https://www.flir.eu/products/ranger-r8ss-3d?vertical=surveillance+general&segment=surveillance (accessed Mar. 15, 2023).
Aaronia AG, “Aaronia—AARTOS Drone Detection System,” 2022. [Online]. Available: https://downloads.aaronia.com/datasheets/solutions/drone_detection/Aaronia_AARTOS_Drone_Detection_System.pdf
ESG Elektroniksystem- und Logistik-GmbH, “Counter-UAS Solution.” https://esg.de/en/solutions-services/air/counter-uas-system
Kirintec, “Sky-Net-Longbow+. Datasheet.” [Online]. Available: https://www.kirintec.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/01/Sky-Net-Longbow-Datasheet_A4.pdf
SKYLOCK, “RF Jamming System - 360° Anti Drone Jamming System,” SKYLOCK. https://www.skylock1.com/modular-components/counter-drone-mitigation-systems/rf-jamming-system/ (accessed Mar. 16, 2023).
Raytheon, “High Energy Lasers.” http://www.raytheonintelligenceandspace.com/what-we-do/advanced-tech/lasers
OpenWorks Engineering, “SkyWall Safer Airspace. Counter UAS and Air Defence,” openworksengineering.com, Dec. 27, 2022. https://openworksengineering.com/
Rohde & Schwarz, “R&S®ARDRONIS. Countering RC drones – every second counts,” Rohde & Schwarz GmbH & Co. KG, Munich, Germany, 7.0, Nov. 2021.
DroneShield, “View All Counterdrone (C-UAS) Products,” AI-enabled Multi-Mission Solutions. https://www.droneshield.com/products (accessed Mar. 12, 2023).
DJI, “AeroScope,” DJI Official. https://www.dji.com/pl/aeroscope
D Fend Solutions, “Counter Drone Technology,” D-Fend Solutions. https://d-fendsolutions.com/ (accessed May 02, 2023).
Rheinmetall, “Air defence systems,” Rheinmetall. https://www.rheinmetall.com/en/products/air-defence/air-defence-systems (accessed May 02, 2023).
Citation note:
Zmysłowski D., Skokowski P., Kelner J.M.: Anti-drone Sensors, Effectors, and Systems – A Concise Overview. TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation, Vol. 17, No. 2, doi:10.12716/1001.17.02.23, pp. 455-461, 2023
Authors in other databases:

Other publications of authors:

D. Zmysłowski, P. Skokowski, K. Malon, K. Maślanka, J.M. Kelner

File downloaded 574 times








Important: TransNav.eu cookie usage
The TransNav.eu website uses certain cookies. A cookie is a text-only string of information that the TransNav.EU website transfers to the cookie file of the browser on your computer. Cookies allow the TransNav.eu website to perform properly and remember your browsing history. Cookies also help a website to arrange content to match your preferred interests more quickly. Cookies alone cannot be used to identify you.
Akceptuję pliki cookies z tej strony