HomePage
 




 


 

ISSN 2083-6473
ISSN 2083-6481 (electronic version)
 

 

 

Editor-in-Chief

Associate Editor
Tomasz Neumann
 

Published by
TransNav, Faculty of Navigation
Gdynia Maritime University
3, John Paul II Avenue
81-345 Gdynia, POLAND
www http://www.transnav.eu
e-mail transnav@am.gdynia.pl
Swedish Seafarers' Commitment to Work in Times of Flagging out
1 Kalmar Maritime Academy, Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden
ABSTRACT: This study takes its departure in the difficulties to recruit and retain qualified senior seafarers in the Swedish shipping sector. The study focus is on seafarers' motivation at work for the specific shipping company (organizational commitment), and seafarers? motivation towards their occupation (occupational commitment), in times of flagging out. It was hypothesized that the youngest seafarers and the oldest may be most sensitive to foreign registration of ships. Statistical analyses were employed, using a survey material of 1,309 Swedish seafarers randomly collected in 2010 from a national register of seafarers. The results of the analyses show that flagging-out imposes a significant decline in organizational commitment for all seafarers. This decline is related to the perception of the social composition of crew. In addition, the oldest seafarers (age 55+) demonstrate diminished occupational commitment under a foreign flag. This decline is related to the degree of satisfaction with the social security structure. Occupational commitment among the youngest seafarers (age 19-30) is not affected by the nationality of flag. However, this type of commitment is decreasing by the time served on the same ship. This effect is partly related to a decline in satisfaction with the work content. In the concluding discussion, the findings are discussed in more details and recommendations are put forward.
REFERENCES
Giffords, E. D. (2009). ‘An Examination of Organizational Commitment and Professional Commitment and the Relationship to Work Environment, Demographic and Organizational Factors’ Journal of Social Work, Vol. 9. 386-404.
Guo, J. L., Liang, G. S. & Ye, K. D. (2005). ‘Impacts of Seafaring Diversity: Taiwanese Ship-Officers’ Perseption’ Journal of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies. Vol. 6, 4176-4191.
Guo, J. L., Ting, S. C. & Lirn, T. C. (2010). ’The Impacts of Intership at Sea on Navigation Students’ Seafaring Commitment’ Maritime Quarterly. Vol. 19(4). 77-107.
Hackman, J. R. & Lawler III, E. E. (1971). ‘Employee reactions to job characteristics’ Journal of Applied Psychology Monograph. Vol. 55. 259-286.
Herzberg, F., Mausner, B. & Snyderman, B. B. (1993). The motivation to work (New ed.). New Brunswick, New Jersey: Transaction.
Hult, C. (2005). ‘Organizational Commitment and Person-Environment Fit in Six Western Countries’ Organization Studies, Vol. 26(2). 249-270.
Hult, C. (2012) ‘Seafarers’ commitment to work and occupation’ in Hult, C. (2012) (ed) Swedish Seafarers and the Seafaring Occupation 2010 – A study of work-related attitudes during different stages of life at sea. Kalmar Maritime Academy, Linnaeus University. pp. 73-119.
Hult, C., & Svallfors, S. (2002). ‘Production Regimes and Work Orientations: A Comparison of six Western Countries’ European Sociological Review, Vol. 18. 315-331.
ILO (2012). International Labour Organization. Seafarers. Retrieved 2013-01-06: http://www.ilo.org/global/standards/ subjects-covered-by-international-labour-standards/ seafarers/lang--en/index.htm
ISSP (2005). International Social Survey Programme 2005: Work Orientation III. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne, Germany, ZA4350, NSDstat. Retrieved 2010-01-29: http://zacat.gesis.org/webview/index.jsp?object=http:// zacat.gesis.org/obj/fStudy/ZA4350
ITF (2012). International Transport Workers’ Federation, Seafarers. Retrieved 2013-01-06: http:// www. itfseafarers.org /your_legal_rights.cfm
Larsen S., Marnburg, E., & Øgaard, T. (2012). ’Working onboard – Job perception, organizational commitment and job satisfaction in the cruise sector’ Tourism Management, Vol. 33, 592-597.
Lee, K., Carswell, J. J., & Allen, N. J. (2000). ‘A Meta-Analytic Review of Occupational Commitment: Relations with Person- and Work-Related Variables’ Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 85(5), 799-811.
Lighthouse (2010). Svensk Sjöfart: Nyckeltal januari 2010. Gothenburg. Retrieved 2010-05-10: http:// www.sweship.se/Files/100608Nyckeltal2010.pdf
Lincoln, J. & Kalleberg, A. L. (1990). Culture, Control and Commitment - A Study of Work Organization and Work Attitudes in the United States and Japan. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Mathieu, J. E. & Zajac, D. M. (1990). ‘A Review and Meta-Analysis of the Antecedents, Correlates, and Consequences of Organizational Commitment’ Psychological Bulletin, Vol. 108. 171–94.
Nogueras, D. J. (2006). ‘Occupational Commitment, Education, and Experience as a Predictor of Intent to Leave the Nursing Profession’ Nursing Economics, Vol. 24. 86-93.
Olofsson, M. (1995). The work situation for seamen on merchant ships in a Swedish environment. Gothenburg. Chalmers University of Technology.
Pan, Y. H., Lin, C.C. & Yang, C. S. (2011). ’The Effects of Perceived Organizational Support, Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment on Job Performance in Bulk Shipping’ Maritime Quarterly. Vol 20(4), 83-110.
SBF (2010) Sjöbefälsföreningen. Retrieved 2013-01-06: http://www.sjobefalsforeningen.se/index.php/hem/information/arkivet/tidskriften-sjoebefael/10-information-information/137-sjoebefael-32010
Sjömannen (2011). ‘Utflaggning’ SEKO sjöfolk, Breakwater Publishing, Sweden. Retrieved 2013-01-06: http:// www.sjomannen.se/tidningar/2011_3/files/assets/downloads /publication.pdf
Steers, R. M. (1977). ‘Antecedents and Outcomes of Organizational Commitment’ Administrative Science Quarterly. Vol. 22, 46-56.
Steers, R. M. (1984). Introduction to Organizational Behavior (2nd ed.). Glenview, Illinois: Scott, Foresman and Company.
Steers, R. M. & Porter, L. W. (1987). Motivation and Behavior. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company.
Swedish Employment Service Maritime (2010). Prognos Arbetsmarknad Sjöfart 2010 och 2011. Stockholm. Retrieved 2010-09-15: http://www2.hik.se/dokument/ .%5CSjo/ prognos_sjofart _2011_v10.pdf
Swedish Maritime Administration (2010). Handlingsplan för ökad rekrytering av personal till sjöfartssektorn. Norrköping, Sweden. Retrieved 2011-02-24: http://sjofartsverket.se/pages/25929/08-3114 Rekryteringsuppdraget.pdf
Testa, M. R., (2001) ’Organizational Commitment, Job Satisfaction, and Effort in the Service Environment’ The Journal of Psychology. Vol. 135(2), 226-236.
Testa, M. R., Mueller S. L. & Thomas A. S. (2003). ’Cultural Fit and Job Satisfaction in a Global Service Environment’ Management International Review. Vol. 43, 129-148.
Testa, M. R. & Mueller S. L. (2009). ’Demographic and cultural predictors of international service worker job satisfaction’ Managing Service Quality. Vol. 19, 195-210.
Van der Heijden, B., van Dam, K., & Hasselhorn, H. M. (2009). ‘Intention to leave nursing - The importance of interpersonal work context, work-home interface, and job satisfaction beyond the effect of occupational commitment’ Career Development International, Vol.14. 616-635.
Werthen, H.-E. (1976). Sjömannen och hans yrke: en socialpsykologisk undersökning av trivsel och arbetsförhållanden på svenska handelsfartyg. Doctoral thesis, Gothenburg: University of Gothenburg.
Citation note:
Hult C., Snöberg J.: Swedish Seafarers' Commitment to Work in Times of Flagging out. TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation, Vol. 8, No. 1, doi:10.12716/1001.08.01.14, pp. 121-128, 2014

Other publications of authors:


File downloaded 1348 times








Important: TransNav.eu cookie usage
The TransNav.eu website uses certain cookies. A cookie is a text-only string of information that the TransNav.EU website transfers to the cookie file of the browser on your computer. Cookies allow the TransNav.eu website to perform properly and remember your browsing history. Cookies also help a website to arrange content to match your preferred interests more quickly. Cookies alone cannot be used to identify you.
Akceptuję pliki cookies z tej strony