ISSN 2083-6473
ISSN 2083-6481 (electronic version)




Associate Editor
Tomasz Neumann

Published by
TransNav, Faculty of Navigation
Gdynia Maritime University
3, John Paul II Avenue
81-345 Gdynia, POLAND
www http://www.transnav.eu
e-mail transnav@am.gdynia.pl


The International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation, The TransNav, is addressed to scientists and professionals in order to share their experience, expert knowledge and research results, concerning all aspects of navigation and sea transportation.
The Journal is published four times a year and contains original papers contributing to the science of broadly defined navigation: from the highly technical to the descriptive and historical, over land through the sea, air and space, including those presented at the TransNav conferences, to promote young researchers, new field of maritime sciences and technologies.
The focus of TransNav is high-quality, scholarly research that addresses development, application and implications, in the field of maritime education, maritime safety management, maritime policy sciences, maritime industries, marine environment and energy technology. Subjects of papers include electronics, astronomy, mathematics, cartography, command and control, psychology, operational research, risk analysis, theoretical physics, operation in hostile environments, instrumentation, ergonomics, financial planning and law. Also of interest are logistics, transport and mobility. The Journal provides a forum for transportation researchers, engineers, navigators, ergonomists, and policy-makers with an interest in maritime researches.
From contemporary issues to the scientific, technological, political, economic, cultural and social aspects of maritime shipping, transportation and navigation, the TransNav publishes innovative, interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary research on marine navigation subjects and is set to become the leading international scholarly journal specialising in debate and discussion on maritime subjects. The TransNav is especially concerned to set maritime studies in a broad international and comparative context.

Main Area of TransNav Interests

# Nautical Science; Marine Navigation; Current Practical Applications, Developments and Deployments of PNT Systems # Safety and Security of Maritime Shipping; Safety at Sea; Role and Importance of Safety in Maritime Transportation # Sea Transport and Transportation Technology; Technological Advances in Maritime Transportation # Technology Development in Maritime and Ocean Engineering # Safety and Environment Protection at Sea; Health, Safety and Environment Protection Policy; Civil Protection and Disaster Management # Recent Trends and Future Perspectives for Maritime Shipping # Essential Geodesic based Trajectories in Navigation: Loxodrome (Rhumb Line), Orthodrome (Great Circle) and Geodesic Line # Geometry of Navigation; Computational Geometry in Navigation and Path Planning; Georeferencing # Geodesy; Geodetic and Land Surveying; Geodetic Systems; World Geodetic System WGS-84; Geodetic Surveying and the Adjustment of Observations # Hydrography; Sea Surveying; Hydrographic Survey Method and Equipment # Geodetic, Hydrographic and Navigational Support of Human Activity at Sea # Marine Cartography; Chart Projections; Chart Datum; Coastal and Ocean Mapping # Geospatial Sciences; Geographic Information Systems; GIS Technology; Geoinformatics; Geomatics and GIS in Maritime Applications # Spatial Data Analysis; 3D Mapping; Virtual and Augmented Reality; Mobile Mapping Technologies (MMT) # Geovisualization; Animated and Dynamic Cartography; Generalization and Multi-Scale Representation # Earth Observation; Application of Integrated Interactive Media to Mapping and Visualizing Geographical Information # Spatial Planning of Maritime Areas; Maritime Spatial Planning Directive; Marine Protected Areas # Remote Sensing Applications in Marine Science and Technology # Earth Information Science; Geophysics; Geoscience; Environmental Science and Geography; Virtual Geographic Environments (VGE); # Marine Digital Terrain Model; Marine Digital Elevation Model; Numerical Maps; Marine Geospatial Data; Terrain Models of the Seabed # Electronic Chart Display and Information System (ECDIS); Electronic Chart System (ECS) # Nautical Charts and Publications; Navigational Charts: ENC, RNC, DNC, SNC; Nautical Charts Production; Admiralty Maritime Products and Services # Inland, Sea-River, River and Pilot Navigation Systems; Inland Shipping; Canals and Inland Waterways; River Information Services (RIS) # Maritime Safety Information; Presentation of Navigation-Related Information; User Interface; Navigational Systems - the End User Experience # Routeing of Ships and Associated Protected Measures; Ship Reporting; Traffic Separation Schemes (TSS); Waterway Design; # Route Planning and Route Monitoring; Voyage (Passage) Planning; Ship's Routeing; Ocean Routes; Shipping Lane # Integrated Navigational Systems INS; Integrated Bridge Systems IBS; Integrated PNT Technology; Electronic Navigation # Multisensor Integration; NMEA Standards; Communication Between Marine Electronics # Alternate Navigation Technologies; Inertial Navigation; Multi-Sensor Navigation; Indoor Wayfinding; Urban Navigation; Personal Navigation # Orienteering; Inertial Systems for Positioning & Orientation; Multisensor PNT: Optical Processing, Sensor Fusion, Multiconstellation GNSS, etc # Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV); Autonomous Navigation (Car, Boat, UAV, USV, UMV, ASV); Maritime Drones: Flying, Swimming and Diving # e-Navigation Concept; Strategy for the Development and Implementation of e-Navigation # Global Satellite Navigation Systems GNSS (GPS, GLONASS, Galileo, BeiDou and QZSS); GNSS Vulnerability; Embracing the Multi-GNSS Era # Satellite Geodesy; Active Geodetic Networks; GNSS Ground Based Augmentation Systems (GBAS); Space Based Augmentation Systems (SBAS) # Emerging Application Areas for GNSS; GNSS Interference, Jamming and Spoofing; Next Generation GNSS; GNSS Receiver Development # GNSS Training, Awareness and Promotion; Multi-GNSS Receivers and Emerging Navigation Satellite Systems # GNSS Meteorology; Space Weather and Atmospheric Effects on GNSS # Integration of Satellite Navigation, Geospatial Information Management and Wireless Communication Systems # PNT (Positioning, Navigation, and Timing); Time and Navigation; Clocks Technology and Timing Applications # Astronomy; Planetary Science; Astro Navigation; Nautical Almanac; Celestial Navigation: Formulas and Calculations; Planetarium and Observatory # Nautical Equipment, Appliances, Tools, Instruments and Accessories; Marine Converters and Calculators # Magnetic Compass; Gyroscope; Mechanical, Fiber Optic and Ring Laser Gyro Compasses # Radio Frequency Technology; Radio Based Navigational Systems; Radio Navigation; Enhanced Loran - eLoran # Challenges of Space Navigation; Navigating in Deep Space; Spacecraft Traveling # Determining the Position of a Vessel; Position Fixing; Accuracy and Precision; Accuracy Standards for Navigation; Kalman Filtering # Terrestrial Navigation; Navigational Infrastructure; AtoN; Virtual Aids to Navigation; AIS AtoN (Real, Synthetic and Virtual) # Precise Point Positioning (PPP); Location-Based Services (LBS); National Positioning Infrastructure; Alternatives to GNSS # Real-Time Locating System (RTLS); Ranging and Angulating; Multilateration (MLAT) # Dynamic Carrier Allocation Techniques; Localization Techniques # Enabling Technologies for Next Generation 3D Network Localization, Tracking, and Navigation; Mobile Data Management for Location-Based Services # Automation Aspects in Transport and Navigation; Informatics in Control, Automation and Robotics; Optimization Methods; Path Finding # Techniques, Algorithms and Methods in Navigation; Deep Space, Aviation, Marine, Underwater, Land and Inland Water Applications # Maritime Casualties, Ship Safety, Maritime Risk, Safety Culture; Risks Posed by, or to, Tracking or Sensing Systems and Platforms # Ships and Port Operations; Facilities and Cargo Handling; Port Engineering; Safety of Port Operations; Green Port and Shipping # Status and Role of Sea Ports in Transport Corridors; Marinas, Ports and Harbours Development; Seafront Wharf Structures # Cargo Work: Loading, Discharging and Stowing Cargo; Stowage Plan; Carriage of Cargoes # Commodity Science; Dangerous and Hazardous Goods; IMDG Code; Globally Harmonised System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) # Containerization; Container Shipping, Vessels and Terminals; TEU & FEU; Container Tracking; Safe Transport of Containers by Sea # Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG): Fuel, Stock, Market, Storage, Transport, Vessels, Terminals, Containers, Stations # Hydrotechnics; Hydrotechnical Infrastructure; Hydrotechnical Structures and Constructions: Power Plants, Waterways, Bridges, Locks, Dams, Turbine Houses # Inland, Ocean, Coast and Offshore Infrastructure and Engineering; Analysis and Design of Deepwater and Coastal Structures # Marine Industry; Ocean, Coast, Offshore and Ship Technology; Offshore Surveying; Ocean Offshore and Arctic Engineering # Offshore Energy, Gas and Oil; Renewable Ocean Energy; Green Energy Logistics; Wind Turbines # Automation, Robotics, Underwater Technology and Offshore Constructions # New Marine Vehicles, Constructions, Structures, Equipment and Related Matters # Maritime Traffic Engineering; Traffic Analysis and Control; Multilane Traffic Flow; Traffic Flow Theory and Simulation # Organization and Management of Vessel Traffic; Piloting; Vessel Navigation and Traffic Services for Safe and Efficient Ports and Waterways # Systems of Control, Guidance and Monitoring of Traffic; Vessel Traffic Service VTS, VTMS, VTMIS # Ship Manoeuvring in Shallow and Confined Water; Ship to Ship Interaction # Naval Hydrodynamics and Manoeuvrability of Ships; Ship Behaviour in Shallow and Confined Water # Modelling of the Ship Dynamics; Numerical Simulation of Ship Motion # Steering of the Ship Motion; Steering Control Systems; Autopilot Systems # Ship Stability, Dynamics and Safety; Manoeuvring and Control of Marine Craft; # Ship Motion; Degrees of Freedom; Numerical Modelling of Propulsion, Control and Ship Motions in 6 Degrees of Freedom # Ship Stability and Seakeeping; Static and Dynamic Stability Criteria; Ship Displacement; Buoyancy; Floodability; Watertight Compartments; Heeling Moment # Sea Wave Theory; Ocean Wave Modelling; Computational Fluid Dynamics # Hydraulic Phenomena: Flow in Channels, Maritime Flows, Tides and Waves; Sedimentology in Rivers, Estuaries and Coastal Waters; Water Supply Systems # Global Ocean Ecosystem Dynamics; Coastal Ecosystems; Marine Ecosystem Monitoring; Deep-Sea Exploration # Deploying Positioning, Sensor and Navigation Systems in Sectors such as Autonomy, Smart Infrastructure, Medical Care, Disabilities, Indoor Tracking, Agritech # Water Resources, Hydrology and Hydraulic Engineering; Physical, Chemical, Biological, Geological and Technical Oceanology # Mechanical Engineering; Machinery Construction and Operation; Ship Propulsion; Controllable Pitch Propeller (CPP) and Fixed Pitch Propeller (FPP) # Ship Generator and Power Supply; Applied Mechanics and Mechanical Automation; Machinery & Control; Diagnostics of Marine Engineering # Fuel Bunkering; Vessel Efficiency and Fuel Management; Energy Monitoring; Energy Efficiency Measures for International Shipping # Ship Maintenance and Repair; Anti-Corrosion for Maritime Industries; Smart Coatings for Materials Protection; Advance Materials Research and Applications # Structural Health Monitoring; Stress and Fatigue Analysis; Structural Dynamics; Forces and Moments Acting on Ships # Structural Life Extension for Offshore Installations and Marine Vessels Masterclass; Condition Monitoring and Fault Diagnosis # Marine Defense; Navy and Warship Technology; Defense, Security & Military News; Military Challenge # Naval Weapon; Naval Warfare; Naval Operations; Naval Technology; Naval Research; Safety of Transport and Disposal for Explosive Ordnance # Shipbuilding Industry; Shipyards; Ship Repair Yards; Recycling of Ships; Industrial Restructuring # Fundamentals of Marine and Offshore Systems Design and Construction # Naval Architecture; Ship Construction and Design; Ship Production # Mathematics and Computers in Naval Engineering # Tactical Navigation for Military Vehicles; Warship ECDIS and Tactical Awareness Solutions # Leadership, Management, Command and Control; The Responsibility of Leadership in Command; Leadership and Teamworking Skills (LTS) # Maritime English, SMCP; Communications in the Multinational Shipping Industry # Radiolocation; Ground-based, Ship-borne and Airborne Radar Systems; Automotive Radar # Marine Radar; Radar Equipment; FMCW, SAR/RAR, ARPA, EPA, ATA; Radar Theory and Techniques; Radar Transponders # Rules of the Road, Colregs and Anti-Collision; Accident Reconstruction # Ship Domain - A Criterion of Navigational Safety Assessment # Ship Handling and Manoeuvring; Manoeuvring Characteristics and Interaction # Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR); Tracking Systems; Mobile Vehicle Tracking and Monitoring # Automatic Identification System (AIS); Long Range Identification and Tracking (LRIT) # Electronic Log Book; Voyage Data Recorder VDR, S-VDR; Black Box # Safety, Security and Emergency in Transportation; Cyber Security Vulnerabilities; Risks to Infrastructure and Industries # Marine Salvage; Maritime Search and Rescue (SAR); Search and Rescue Satellite Aided Tracking (SARSAT) System # Maritime Tragedies; Disasters at Sea and Their Impact on Shipping Regulation; Survival in Maritime Disasters; Survival Data Analysis; First Aid to Survivors # Piracy and Armed Robbery; Maritime Terrorism; Refugees and Stowaways; Smuggling; Armed Security on Board # Life-Saving Service; Life-Saving Appliances (LSA); Shipboard Firefighting; Fire Protection Engineering # Bridge Team Management (BTM); Bridge Resource Management (BRM) # Human Factors, Marine Accidents, Human Errors; Ergonomics; Human-Computer Interaction; Human-Machine Interface # Ballast Water Management; Ballast Water Treatment (BWT) Solutions # Oil and Chemical Spills; Sea Pollution and Environmental Protection; Protection of Water Resource; Marine Ecology; Marine Conservation # Marine Environmental Science; Marine and Environmental Biology and Zoology; Biodiversity; Chemical Science # Crew Resource Management, Safe Manning, Stress and Fatigue; Human Resources in Transport # Maritime Employment and Competitiveness; Seafarers’ Work, Family Life; Globalisation, Seafarer Health and Safety; Maritime Occupational Health Service # Maritime Psychology; Psychological and Brain Sciences; Research in Organizational & Health Behavior at Sea # Marine Resource Assessment; Natural Resource Management # Duties and Liabilities of the Ship's Captain; Master's Responsibility and Authority; Emergency Procedures # Modelling and Simulation of Marine Systems; Numerical Modelling # Marine Simulation; Full Mission Bridge; Navigational Simulator # Ships Surveys, Audits, Inspections and Certifications; Port State Control (PSC); Flag State Control (FSC) # International Standardization of Navigational Terminology; Glosary of Nautical Terms; Standard Marine Navigational Vocabulary # Maritime Education and Training (MET); IMO Model Courses Validation; STCW Implementation # Frontiers in Educational Methods; Computer-Based Assessments in Seafaring Training; Computer Based Training (CBT); e-Learning and Virtual Innovations # Web Technologies for Open Access to Maritime Learning and Education; Smart and Virtual Learning Systems # History of Marine Cartography and Historical Cartography; Historical Nautical Charts # New Researches in the History of Navigation; Navigation in Ancient Times # Maritime Civilizations; The History of Maritime Technology; Historic Maritime Vessels; Wrecks‎ # Marine Archaeology; Underwater Research; Underwater Exploration # Marine and Coastal Geography; Martine GIS; Ocean Informatics # Tides and Tidal Currents; Tides and Tide Prediction; Ocean Surface Currents # Nautical Meteorology and Oceanography; Limnology and Aquatic Sciences # Weather Routing; Marine Weather Forecast; Route Optimization # Ocean Disaster Assessment and Prevention; Heavy Weather; Tropical Cyclones and Impact of Extreme Storms # Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences; Climatology; Climate Change; Global Warming; Sea Level Rise # A GNSS-based Machine Guidance and Control Methods for use in Agriculture, Construction, Surveying and Mining # Geohazards (Volcano Eruptions, Landslides, Floods, Earthquakes, Tsunami Waves); Disaster Prevention and Mitigation # Polar Research, Safe and Sustainable Traffic in Ice/Winter Conditions; Arctic Navigation; Ice Navigation # Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM); Environmental Management # Marine & Coastal Protected Areas; Particularly Sensitive Sea Area (PSSA) # Marine Biotechnology, Biology, Ecology, Behaviour of Marine Animals; Biological, Animal, Human, Cognitive Navigation, and Quantum Technologies # Fisheries & Aquaculture; Fish Farming; Fishing Industry; Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries and Aquaculture; Fishery Oceanography; Aquatic Sciences # Cruise Shipping; Passenger Ferries; Ferry & Cruise; Passenger Terminals # Nautical Tourism and Yachting; Sailing Vessels; Small & Pleasure Crafts; Marine Leisure Industry; Water-Based Tourism, Sport, Leisure and Recreation # UNCLOS, Delimitation of Maritime Boundaries, Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) # Advanced Maritime Policy and Governance; Maritime Administration; Global Maritime Situational Awareness; Maritime Domain Awareness # Maritime Law, Insurance and Arbitration; the Law at the Sea; International Maritime Conventions, Protocols and Codes (SOLAS, MARPOL, STCW, etc) # Communication, Electrical, Electronic and Control Engineering; Technology of Antennas # Information and Communication Technology; Computer Science; Information and Coding Theory # Computer Engineering; Digital System Design; Computer Applications in Maritime Engineering; Design of Maritime Information Systems # Information Processing and Engineering; Computer Aspects of Technological Change; Computer Graphics; Computer Animation # Information Technology and Applications in Maritime Sector; Information Technology Management; Security and Information Assurance # Maritime Clouds; Digital Data Exchange; Cloud Computing and Big Data # Multimedia, Network & Communication Technology and Application; Communications Services and Multimedia Applications # Satellite & Space Communications; Hybrid System of Satellite Communications Technology # Maritime Telecommunications; Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS) # Wireless Maritime Services and Mobile Technology; Wireless Communications; Wireless Networks # Signal & Image Processing; Data Transmission, Processing and Analysis; Radio Propagation; Multi-function Antennas # Expert Systems in Marine Navigation and Sea Transportation # Fuzzy Logic; Artificial Intelligence Technologies; Artificial Neural Network ANN; Fuzzy Inference Systems; Evolutionary Computation # Decision Support Systems and Artificial Intelligence Methods in Maritime Transport # Neuroevolution, Artificial Immune Systems, Reinforcement Learning; Genetic Algorithms # Telematics in Maritime Transportation; State-of-the-Art Telematics Systems # Autonomy in Transport Systems; Modelling of Autonomous Vehicle Operation in Intelligent Transportation Systems # Maritime Intelligent Transportation Systems; ITS # Smart Vehicles: Connectivity Technologies and ITS Applications; Location Technologies for Intelligent Transportation Systems # Knowledge-Based Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems; Knowledge and Innovation; Innovation and Technology Transfer # Intelligent Control System of Ships Dynamic Positioning, DP Technology # Autonomous Vehicles: Modelling, Control Design, and Simulation # Acoustic Remote Sensing; Hydroacoustics; Sonars; Multibeam Echo Sounders (MBES); Sea-Floor Mapping # Underwater Acoustic Measurements: Technologies, Methods and Systems # Maritime Sensors, Technology and Infrastructure in Waterside Security # Modelling and Numeric Methods in Maritime Industry; Applied Mathematics; Operational Research (Management Science, Decision Science) # Cybernetics, Robotics and Automation; Autonomous Marine Operations and Systems # Transport Data and Statistics; Statistical Methods & Applications; Statistical Analysis; Stochastic Modelling # Severity, Probability and Risk of Accidents during Maritime Transport; Maritime Accident Statistics # Mathematical Model Applications in the Operation of Vessel and Port Machinery; # Mathematical Fundamentals of Safety and Dependability, Maintainability of Maritime Objects; Safety and Security of Complex Systems # Quality, Reliability, Risk, Maintenance and Safety Engineering # System Availability, Software and Structural Reliability # Maritime Safety, Security and Risk Management; Risk and Safety Analysis, Assessment and Prediction; Quantitative Risk Assessment (QRA) # Crisis, Emergency, Natural Hazard and Disaster Management # International Safety Management Code (ISM Code); International Ship and Port Facility Security Code (ISPS Code) # Reliability and Safety Methods: HAZOP, HAZID, HRA, FMEA, FTA, ETA; Formal Safety Assessment (FSA) # Quality Management; Quality Assurance; Quality Control; Quality Maritime Training # Transport Systems: Operation, Management, Control and Maintenance; Shipping Management; Transport and Maritime Management # Transportation Planning and Management; Economic, Legal and Social Aspects; Transport Policy # Management Information Systems; Maritime Fleet Management Information System # Marine Ship Economy; Marine Finance and Insurance; Management and Business Strategy; Customs Duties, Taxes, Freights, Insurance Rates # Maritime and International Trade; International Commercial Terms (Incoterms); e-Commerce # Impact of Economic Recession on Maritime Transport; Shipping Financial Management; Financial Modelling; e-Business # Sea Freight and Forwarding; Modes of Shipment; Chartering; Charter Party; Bill of Loading # Transportation and Modes of Transport; Intermodal, Multimodal and Combined Transport; Rail and Road Transport; Sustainable Transportation; # Maritime Transport and Logistics Systems; Maritime Economics and Logistics (MEL); Logistics and Supply Chain Management; Integrated Logistics # Modelling of Transport Systems; Design of Intermodal Transport Networks; Traffic Management and Traffic Flow Theory # Smart City and Port; Technological, Ecological and Social Challenges; Geo-localities and Cultural Effects; Waterfront Infrastructure # Multi-Agent System (MAS); Multi-Agent Control for Maritime Transport Networks # New Maritime Technologies; Application and Evaluation Studies; Technological Standards, Certification, Analysis and Control # Development of Methods and Criteria for International Standards and Specifications; Classification Rules # IMO, IHO, IALA, IEC, ISO, IAIN, IMLA, IMSF, IMSO, IAME, IAMU, EMSA, ITU, IEEE, RTCM, NMEA, PIANC, EUGIN, PNF, RIN and NI Activities #
Important: TransNav.eu cookie usage
The TransNav.eu website uses certain cookies. A cookie is a text-only string of information that the TransNav.EU website transfers to the cookie file of the browser on your computer. Cookies allow the TransNav.eu website to perform properly and remember your browsing history. Cookies also help a website to arrange content to match your preferred interests more quickly. Cookies alone cannot be used to identify you.
Akceptuję pliki cookies z tej strony