ISSN 2083-6473
ISSN 2083-6481 (electronic version)




Associate Editor
Tomasz Neumann

Published by
TransNav, Faculty of Navigation
Gdynia Maritime University
3, John Paul II Avenue
81-345 Gdynia, POLAND
www http://www.transnav.eu
e-mail transnav@am.gdynia.pl
The Economical Emigration Aspect of East and Central European Seafarers: Motivation for Employment in Foreign Fleet
1 Lithuanian Maritime Academy, Klaipeda, Lithuania
2 Klaipeda University, Klaipeda, Lithuania
3 Vytautas Magnus University, Kaunas, Lithuania
ABSTRACT: East and Central Europe countries practically experience advantages and disadvantages of seafarers? employment in foreign shipping companies. There is a need to investigate this phenomenon in the aspect of economical emigration. Shortage of marine officers worldwide exaggerates the shortage of seafarers in the mentioned region because of the economical emigration of national seafarers to foreign fleet, which provides more favorable conditions. These facts encouraged investigating several questions using case study method in one country (Lithuania), which social-economic conditions are similar to other countries of the region: What shipping companies (national or foreign) marine officers give priority to be employed to? What is the motivation of such a decision? What personal characteristics mostly determine this decision? The study results show very strong seafarers? attitude towards economical emigration, reveal the reasons of this phenomenon and relations with the personal characteristics of marine officers. Key words: economical emigration, seafarers, motivation.
BIMCO/ISF. 2005. BIMCO/ISF 2005 Manpower Update: the Worldwide Demand of and Supply for Seafarers. Institute for Employment Research, University of Warwick.
Brownrigg, M., Dawe, G., Mann, M., and Weston, P. 2001. Developments in UK Shipping: the Tonnage Tax. Maritime Policy and Management 28(3): 213 – 223.
De Silva, I. 2003. Demographic and Social Trends Affecting Families in the South and Central Asian Region. Major Trends Affecting Families: A Background Document. Report for United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Division for Social Policy and Development, Program on the Family. http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/family/Publications/mtdesilva.pdf. [Retrieved 11 09 2008].
Dyer-Smith, M.B.A. 1992. Shipboard Organisation – the Choices for International Shipping. Journal of Navigation 45 (3): 414-424.
Ekonominės migracijos reguliavimo strategija. 2007. LR vyriausybės 2007 04 25 nutarimas Nr. 416.
Gardner, B. and Pettit, S. 1996. UK Requirement for People with Experience of Working at Sea. The Cardiff University Study. http://www.britishshipping.org/british/index.htm. [Retrieved 19 09 2008].
Gardner, B., Pettit, S. 1999. The Land-Based Jobs Market for Seafarers; consequences of market imbalance and policy implications. Marine Policy, 23(2): 161 – 175.
Glen., D. 2008. What do we know about the labour market for seafarers? A view from the UK. Marine Policy 32 (6): 845-855.
Green Paper: Towards a future Maritime Policy for the Union; A European vision for the oceans and Seas. 2006. Brussels: Commission of the European communities. http://ec.europa.eu/maritimeaffairs/pdf/ com_2006_0275_en_part2.pdf. [Retrieved 20 11 2007].
Gulans, P. 1999. Kugu virsnieku sagatavošanas ekonomiska efektivitate. Riga: Latvijas Jūras akademija.
Kahveci, E. 2007a. Port based welfare services for seafarers. SIRC Symposium, Cardiff University. http://www.sirc.cf.ac.uk/pdf/Symposium%20 Proceedings%202007.pdf. [Retrieved 10 09 2008].
Kahveci, E. 2007b. Reviewing seafarers' welfare at sea and ashore. The Sea 186: 4.
Knudsen F. 2008. Paperwork at the service of safety? Workers' reluctance against written procedures exemplified by the concept of 'seamanship'. Safety Science, In Press.
Lamvik, G.M. 2002. The Filipino Seafarer – A Life between sacrifice and shopping. Trondheim: Norwegian University of Science and Technology.
Leggate, H. 2004. The Future Shortage of Seafarers: Will it become a Reality? Maritime Policy and Management 31 (1): 1 – 13.
Lietuvių emigracija: problema ir galimi sprendimo būdai 2005. Vilnius: Pilietinės visuomenės institutas, LR Seimo informacinės analizės skyrius. www.lgitic.lt. [Retrieved 16 09 2008].
Lietuvos Respublikos darbo kodeksas. 2002. LR vyriausybės 2002 06 04 nutarimas Nr. IX-926.
Lopez, N. 1989. Seafarers' career expectations for the next decade: an academic's perspective. International Manning and Training Conference Proceedings (pp.175-196). Singapore: Lloyds' of London Press (Far East)Ltd.
Malinauskas, G. 2006. Researching the Impact of Partial Labour Migration on a Child: Failure of Attachment Theory. Social Work & Society 4(2).
Nosseir, N. 2003. Family in the New Millennium: Major Trends Affecting Families in North Africa. Major Trends Affecting Families: A Background Document. Report for United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Division for Social Policy and Development, Program on the Family, pp. 14-15. http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/family/Publications/mtnosseir.pdf. [Retrieved 10 09 2008].
Pettit, S. J., Gardner, B. M., Marlow, P. B., Naim, M. M., Nair, R. 2004. Ex-Seafarers Shore Based Employment: The Current UK Situation. Marine Policy 29: 521 – 531.
Policy Research Corporation. 2004. Development and implementation of a new shipping policy in Lithuania. Final report. Policy Research Corporation.
Selkou, E., Roe, M. 2002. UK Tonnage Tax: Subsidy or Special Case? Maritime Policy and Management 29 (4): 393 – 404.
Sampson, H. 2008. Speaking up for better on-board welfare. The Sea 191: 4.
Senčila, V., Bartusevičienė, I. 2005. Jūrininkų rengimo Lietuvoje ir Europos Sąjungoje derinimas ir perspektyvos. Tiltai 3 (32): 65-76.
Senčila, V., Bartusevičienė, I., Kalvaitienė, G. 2006a. Lietuvos jūrininkų sudėties kiekybinis ir kokybinis vertinimas. Jūra ir aplinka 1: 2-12.
Senčila, V., Bartusevičienė, I., Kalvaitienė, G. 2006b. The evaluation of the factors motivating young people to choose the seafarer’s profession in Lithuania. IMLA 14th Proceedings, 03-06 October 2006. Marseille: ENMM. http://www.maritimelecturers.org/forum/uploads/Ponnert/files/2007-12-11_085609_27-sencila_bartuseviciene_ kalvaitiene_OK.pdf. [Retrieved 18 09 2008].
Short, R. 2004. Global trends, Challenges and Opportunities. Paper presented at AMETIAP Seminar „MET: What is wrong? What to do?“.
2003-2007 metais išduotų jūrinių dokumentų statistika. 2008. LSLA. http://www.msa.lt/index.php/lt/41803/. [Retrieved 03 03 2008].
Squire, D. 2006. The Human Element in shipping. Alert! The International Maritime Human Element Bulletin. London: The Nautical Institute. http://www.he-alert.org/documents/newsletter/centrespreads/centrespread_4.pdf. [Retrieved 19 09 2008].
Study on the Supply and Demand of EU Officers/Ratings and Manning Levels: Project report 2.3. 2005. World Maritime University. Malmo: World Maritime University.
Quah, S. 2003. Major Trends Affecting Families in East and Southeast Asia. Major Trends Affecting Families: A Background Document, Report for United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Division for Social Policy and Development, Program on the Family (March 2003), p. 22. http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/family/Publications/mtquah.pdf. [Retrieved 11 09 2008].
Yamamoto, H. 2000. On the reason and significance of the core concept of IAMU. IAMU Journal 1(2): 32-39.
World Economic and Social Survey. 2004. International Migration The United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. http://www.un.org/esa/policy/wess/wess2004files/part2web/part2web.pdf. [Retrieved 13 09 2008].
Wu, B. 2003. Chinese seafarers and the global labour market. Seaways: October: 23-24.
Wu, B. 2004a. Participation in the global labor market: experience and responses of Chinese seafarers Maritime Policy and Management, 31(1): 69-72.
Wu, B. 2004b. “Transgration” of Chinese seafarers in economic transition: an institutional perspective on labour mobility. School of Social Sciences Working Paper Series 64.
Wu, B. 2005. Chinese seafarers in transition: trends and evidence. SIRC Symposium, Cardiff University. http://www.sirc.cf.ac.uk/pdf/Symposium%20Proceedings%202005.pdf . [Retrieved 19 09 2008].
Wu, B., Sampson, H. 2005. Reconsidering the cargo sector and seafarer labor market: a 21st century profile of global seafarers. Ocean Yearbook 19: 357-380.
Лялюгене, И.Ю., Рупшене, Л.А. 2008. Влияние трудовой миграции родителей на социализацию подростков. Социологические исследования, 1, p.69-75.
Citation note:
Sencila V., Bartusevičiene I., Rupšiene L., Kalvaitiene G.: The Economical Emigration Aspect of East and Central European Seafarers: Motivation for Employment in Foreign Fleet. TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation, Vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 337-342, 2010

Other publications of authors:

File downloaded 597 times

Important: TransNav.eu cookie usage
The TransNav.eu website uses certain cookies. A cookie is a text-only string of information that the TransNav.EU website transfers to the cookie file of the browser on your computer. Cookies allow the TransNav.eu website to perform properly and remember your browsing history. Cookies also help a website to arrange content to match your preferred interests more quickly. Cookies alone cannot be used to identify you.
Akceptuję pliki cookies z tej strony