Journal is indexed in following databases:

2022 Journal Impact Factor - 0.6
2022 CiteScore - 1.7




ISSN 2083-6473
ISSN 2083-6481 (electronic version)




Associate Editor
Prof. Tomasz Neumann

Published by
TransNav, Faculty of Navigation
Gdynia Maritime University
3, John Paul II Avenue
81-345 Gdynia, POLAND
Prediction of Wetland Loss Due to Sea Level Rise Around the Largest Port Area in Latin America
ABSTRACT: Santos’s mangroves are important wetlands located in Brazilian coast, a fishing area inside Santos Bay. The overall healthy mangroves area along the riparian zones influencing the Santos Estuary is around 25.20 km2. The resulting tidal level recorded from Port of Santos tide gauge (from 1940 to 2014), also located in the estuary, shows consistent increasing trend. One healthy mangrove was selected for a previous qualitative biological survey to better understand the characteristics of the habitat to be monitored and evaluated about the possible impacts in the next decades. The mangroves situated a few meters upper from the sea level and some other areas have the risk to be submerged till 2085 which will seriously affect the riparian mangroves biome. Indeed, the mangrove area is confined downward by the low tide level and upward by existing structures, roads, rural and urban areas.
Alfredini, P., Arasaki, E., do Amaral, R.F.: Mean sea-level rise impacts on Santos Bay, Southeastern Brazil--physical modelling study. Environ Monit Assess. 144, 1–3, 377–387 (2008). - doi:10.1007/s10661-007-0001-z
Alfredini, P., Arasaki, E., Pezzoli, A., Arcorace, M., Cristofori, E., de Sousa, W.C.: Exposure of Santos Harbor Metropolitan Area (Brazil) to Wave and Storm Surge Climate Changes. Water Quality, Exposure and Health. 6, 1, 73–88 (2014). - doi:10.1007/s12403-014-0109-7
Boesch, D.F., Field, J.C., Scavia, D.: The potential consequences of climate variability and change on coastal areas and marine resources: report of the Coastal Areas and Marine Resources Sector Team, U.S. National Assessment of the Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change, U.S. Global Change Research Program. NOAA/National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science, Silver Spring, MD (2000).
Cavalcanti, V., Soares, M., Estrada, G., Chaves, F.: Evaluating Mangrove Conservation through the Analysis of Forest Structure Data. Journal of Coastal Research. 390–394 (2009).
Department for Environment:, last accessed 2020/02/01.
Fundação de Estudos do Mar: Catálogo de estações maregráficas brasileiras. Fundação de Estudos do Mar : Hidroceano--Estudos e Projetos Hidro-Oceanográficos e Hidráulicos, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (2000).
Furukawa, K., Wolanski, E., Mueller, H.: Currents and Sediment Transport in Mangrove Forests. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science. 44, 3, 301–310 (1997). - doi:10.1006/ecss.1996.0120
Herz, R.: Manguezais do Brasil. Instituto Oceanográfico, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo (1991).
Kennedy, V.S., Twilley, R.R., Kleypas, J.A., Cowan, J.H.Jr., Hare, S.R.: Coastal and Marine Ecosystems & Global Climate Change--Potential Effects on U.S. Resources. , Arlington (2002).
Poff, L.N., Brinson, M.M., Day, J.W.Jr.: Aquatic ecosystems & global climate change -Potential impacts on inland freshwater and coastal wetland ecosystems in the United States – Report. , Arlington (2002).
Schaeffer-Novelli, Y., Cintrón, G.: Guía para estudio de áreas de manguezal: estructura, funcao e flora. Caribbean Ecological Research, São Paulo (1986).
Titus, J.G., Richman, C.: Maps of lands vulnerable to sea level rise: modeled elevations along the US Atlantic and Gulf coasts. Climate Research. 18, 3, 205–228 (2001). - doi:10.3354/cr018205
Tusinski, A., Verhagen, H.J.: The Use of Mangroves in Coastal Protection. 1. 34, 45–45 (2014). - doi:10.9753/
US Global Change Research Group: Preparing for an uncertain climate. (1993).
Citation note:
Alfredini P., Arasaki E.: Prediction of Wetland Loss Due to Sea Level Rise Around the Largest Port Area in Latin America. TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation, Vol. 15, No. 3, doi:10.12716/1001.15.03.23, pp. 677-682, 2021
Authors in other databases:
Emilia Arasaki:

Other publications of authors:

File downloaded 171 times

Important: cookie usage
The website uses certain cookies. A cookie is a text-only string of information that the TransNav.EU website transfers to the cookie file of the browser on your computer. Cookies allow the website to perform properly and remember your browsing history. Cookies also help a website to arrange content to match your preferred interests more quickly. Cookies alone cannot be used to identify you.
Akceptuję pliki cookies z tej strony