Journal is indexed in following databases:

2022 Journal Impact Factor - 0.6
2022 CiteScore - 1.7




ISSN 2083-6473
ISSN 2083-6481 (electronic version)




Associate Editor
Prof. Tomasz Neumann

Published by
TransNav, Faculty of Navigation
Gdynia Maritime University
3, John Paul II Avenue
81-345 Gdynia, POLAND
Estimation and Impacts of Sea Level Rise in Santos Port and Adjacent Areas (Brazil)
1 University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
ABSTRACT: Santos Port is located in Brazilian coast, in an estuarine area inside Santos Bay named Baixada Santista. The currents behavior is forced by tides. The resulting tidal level variability (high tide, mean sea level and low tide) recorded from Santos Dock Company tide gauge (1940 to 2014) shows a consistent increasing trend. The estimation about the magnitude of mean sea level rise (MSLR) in recommendations, guidelines or requirements issued by different countries and agencies from 1990 provide examples of different approaches used around the world in comparison with the local trends obtained for Santos Port. It is concluded that MSLR will have a considerable impact upon the port and adjacent areas, with approximately 1.0 m rise estimated from 1990 to 2100. Baixada Santista is a lowland situated a few meters upper from the sea level and some areas are possible to be submerged in the end of this century. Not only the wetlands of mangroves will be affected, but also the infrastructures, residential zones and the port will face problems. The major SLR impacts upon port operation will be the reduction of freeboard of the quays, flooding of storage yards (and other low storage areas) and of the internal transport tracks or rails. Also the increasing sedimentation in the nautical areas of access channels, turning basins and berths, will induce more maintenance dredging.
Nicholls, R.J.; Hanson, S., Herweijer, C., Patmore, N., Hallegatte, S., Corfee-Morlot, J., Château, J. and Muir-Wood, R., 2008. Ranking Port Cities with High Exposure and Vulnerability to Climate Extremes: Exposure Estimates. Paris: OECD Publishing, OECD Environment Working Papers 1, 63p. - doi:10.1787/011766488208
Alfredini, P.; Arasaki, E., and Pezzoli, A., 2015. The impact of sea level rise in Santos Port (Brazil) for the next decades. Proceedings of 36th Congress of the International Association of Hydraulic Research (The Hague, The Netherlands), Paper 84810.
PIANC – The World Association for Waterborne Transport Infrastructure, 2014. Countries in Transition (CIT) Coastal Erosion Mitigation Guidelines. Brussels, Belgium: Cooperation Commission (CoCom), PIANC Report 123.
DEFRA – Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs of the UK Government, 2010. Defra’s Climate Change Plan 2010.
IPCC, 2013. Summary for Policymakers. Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA.
Rahmstorf, S., 2007. A semi-empirical approach to projecting future sea-level rise. Science, 315, 368-370. - doi:10.1126/science.1135456
PIANC – The World Association for Waterborne Transport Infrastructure, 2014. Sustainable Ports, A Guide for Port Authorities. Brussels, Belgium: IAPH EnviCom Report Working Group 150, PIANC Report 150.
Thoresen, C.A. 2014. Port Designer’s Handbook. London: ICE Publishing, 608p.
Tusinski, A. and Verhagen, H.J., 2014. The use of mangroves in coastal protection. In: Lynett, P. (ed.), Proceedings of 34th Conference on Coastal Engineering 2014 (Seoul, Korea), management 45. - doi:10.9753/
Furukawa, K.; Wolanski, E., and Mueller, H., 1997. Currents and sediment transport in mangrove forest. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 44, 301-310. - doi:10.1006/ecss.1996.0120
Citation note:
Alfredini P., Arasaki E.: Estimation and Impacts of Sea Level Rise in Santos Port and Adjacent Areas (Brazil). TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation, Vol. 12, No. 4, doi:10.12716/1001.12.04.13, pp. 739-744, 2018
Authors in other databases:
Emilia Arasaki:

Other publications of authors:

File downloaded 442 times

Important: cookie usage
The website uses certain cookies. A cookie is a text-only string of information that the TransNav.EU website transfers to the cookie file of the browser on your computer. Cookies allow the website to perform properly and remember your browsing history. Cookies also help a website to arrange content to match your preferred interests more quickly. Cookies alone cannot be used to identify you.
Akceptuję pliki cookies z tej strony