Journal is indexed in following databases:

2022 Journal Impact Factor - 0.6
2022 CiteScore - 1.7




ISSN 2083-6473
ISSN 2083-6481 (electronic version)




Associate Editor
Prof. Tomasz Neumann

Published by
TransNav, Faculty of Navigation
Gdynia Maritime University
3, John Paul II Avenue
81-345 Gdynia, POLAND
Mechanical Properties of Small Boat Construction from HDPE Blue Drum Scrap
1 Diponegoro University, Semarang, Java, Indonesia
2 SLV Mannheim GmbH, Mannheim, Germany
ABSTRACT: This paper discusses the mechanical properties of alternative wood substitute materials in the construction of small boats (jukung/cadik type). Jukung/cadik boat as a small fishing boat with a length overall 6,400 m, design beam 1,530 m, design draft 0.380 m, displacement 2,442 tons, wetted surface area 15.58 m2, the pressure acting on the submerged hull needed minimum material used has a strength of 0.0039 MPa or 3.92 kN/m2. The replacement material used is the HDPE blue drum scrap, which has an average thickness of 3mm, then made into two layers as laminate. The laminate process uses welding. The results of HDPE laminate material from these two layers are tested for tensile and compressive strength to meet the material strength requirements for small ship hulls. They were testing the strength of HDPE welded joints with type A1 specimens. Tension and compression of the two-layer laminate material was tested with specimens of type A2, A3, and A4. The tensile test results for A1 specimens obtained for welding tests are pretty good at 17.1 MPa, then the results of compression tests for specimen type A2, A3, and A4 on average are 23.36 MPa, which is greater than the need for the strength of the jukung/cadik hull.
American Chemistry Council and Association of Plastic Recyclers. (2017). “2016 United States National Postconsumer Plastic Bottle Recycling Report”, American Chemistry Council Report 2017.
ASTM. (1993). Annual Book of ASTM Standards 08.01, D638-91, Standard Mechanical Testing Methods for Plastics, American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, 1993, pp. 161–173
Badache, A., Benosman, A. S., Senhadji, Y., & Mouli, M. (2018). Thermo-physical and mechanical characteristics of sand-based lightweight composite mortars with recycled high-density polyethylene (HDPE). Construction and Building Materials, 163, 40-52. - doi:10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.12.069
Bledzki, A. K., Mamun, A. A., & Faruk, O. (2007). Abaca fibre reinforced PP composites and comparison with jute and flax fibre PP composites. eXPRESS polymer letters, 1(11), 755-762. - doi:10.3144/expresspolymlett.2007.104
Imron, M., Haq, R. S., & Iskandar, B. H. (2020). Local wisdom of “Jukung” boat design in Cilacap district, Central Java, Indonesia. AACL Bioflux, 13(6).
ISO. (2012). 527-1. Plastics—Determination of tensile properties—Part 1: General principles. International Organization of Standardization: Geneva, Switzerland.
Khalaf, M. N. (2015). Mechanical properties of filled high density polyethylene. Journal of Saudi chemical society, 19(1), 88-91. - doi:10.1016/j.jscs.2011.12.024
Liu, H., Wu, Q., & Zhang, Q. (2009). Preparation and properties of banana fiber-reinforced composites based on high density polyethylene (HDPE)/Nylon-6 blends. Bioresource technology, 100(23), 6088-6097. - doi:10.1016/j.biortech.2009.05.076
Shah, V. (2020). Handbook of plastics testing and failure analysis. John Wiley & Sons.
Thakare, K. A., Vishwakarma, H. G., & Bhave, A. G. (2015). Experimental investigation of possible use of HDPE as thermal storage material in thermal storage type solar cookers. Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology, 4, 92-99. - doi:10.15623/ijret.2015.0412019
Yao, Z., Zhang, J., Gao, F., Liu, S., & Yu, T. (2018). Integrated utilization of recycled crumb rubber and polyethylene for enhancing the performance of modified bitumen. Construction and Building Materials, 170, 217-224. - doi:10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2018.03.080
Citation note:
Ridwan M., Sulaiman S., Sugeng S., Sarwoko S., Nies H.: Mechanical Properties of Small Boat Construction from HDPE Blue Drum Scrap. TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation, Vol. 16, No. 3, doi:10.12716/1001.16.03.20, pp. 573-578, 2022
Authors in other databases:
S. Sulaiman:
S. Sugeng:
S. Sarwoko:
Helmut Nies:

Other publications of authors:

S. Sugeng, B. Utomo, S.D. Said, A.K. Yusim, A. Windyandari, S.F. Khristyson, L. Afrizal, A.B. Jatmiko, Z.Z. Sanjiwo

File downloaded 128 times

Important: cookie usage
The website uses certain cookies. A cookie is a text-only string of information that the TransNav.EU website transfers to the cookie file of the browser on your computer. Cookies allow the website to perform properly and remember your browsing history. Cookies also help a website to arrange content to match your preferred interests more quickly. Cookies alone cannot be used to identify you.
Akceptuję pliki cookies z tej strony