ISSN 2083-6473
ISSN 2083-6481 (electronic version)




Associate Editor
Prof. Tomasz Neumann

Published by
TransNav, Faculty of Navigation
Gdynia Maritime University
3, John Paul II Avenue
81-345 Gdynia, POLAND
www http://www.transnav.eu
e-mail transnav@umg.edu.pl
Coastal and Marine Issues and Their Relation to Ecosystem Survey
1 King Abdul-Aziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
ABSTRACT: Protecting and preserving the environment and marine resources is a constant concern of countries. The seas and oceans face increasing threats to their flora and fauna from pollution, both from land and sea sources. Overexploitation of marine resources and overfishing pose serious threats to biodiversity and the balance of marine ecosystems. Especially for countries that rely on fisheries resources to feed their populations in closed or semi-closed seas. It is unusual to highlight overfishing by ships, as coastal states' resources do not allow for effective safety controls and as a result, there are a number of severely depleted fisheries worldwide. It is therefore vital that conservation and management measures for straddling fish stocks and highly migratory fish stocks continue and increase, as it is a resource that has transcended many national jurisdictions. According to the priorities of the current research project, which include alignment and adaptation to the regulations of the Saudi marine environment, the research group of the current marine ecosystem project tries to analyze the variables contained in maritime transport and shipping and to measure the impact of these variables on the marine ecosystem, by focusing on four national priority areas: 1) reliable and long-term seafood supply; 2) thriving coastal ecosystems; 3) sustainable coastal development; and 4) risk resilience in coastal communities. Prioritizing coastal issues and gathering desired outcomes from.
30 types of navigational equipment and resources used on board modern ships) (Karan, 2020, Marine Navigation).
OCIMF, A Guide to Best Practice for Navigational Assessments and Audits, (First edition 2018)
Citation note:
Elentably A., Fisher K., Holger S., Alghanmi A., Alhrbi S.: Coastal and Marine Issues and Their Relation to Ecosystem Survey. TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation, Vol. 16, No. 3, doi:10.12716/1001.16.03.05, pp. 449-454, 2022
Authors in other databases:
K. Fisher:
S. Holger:
A. Alghanmi:
S. Alhrbi:

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