HomePage
 




 


 

ISSN 2083-6473
ISSN 2083-6481 (electronic version)
 

 

 

Editor-in-Chief

Associate Editor
Tomasz Neumann
 

Published by
TransNav, Faculty of Navigation
Gdynia Maritime University
3, John Paul II Avenue
81-345 Gdynia, POLAND
www http://www.transnav.eu
e-mail transnav@am.gdynia.pl
Use of Simulator Training to Mitigate Risks in Arctic Shipping Operations
ABSTRACT: Over the recent years, ship traffic in the polar areas has increased. There is reason to believe that this traffic, and especially the cruise traffic, will increase further as the ice retracts towards the poles. There is also reason to believe that with the continued focus and exposure of the Polar Region, the cruise tourism to the region will grow. The increased presence in the polar areas will create positive repercussions for several actors, both on sea and land. There will, however, also be challenges associated with the growing presence in the polar areas. Vessels will be operating at long distances to other vessels and land infrastructures. These vessels will also be operating in climate and conditions that will put extra pressure on both vessel and crew. These challenges need to be solved in order for the ship industry to operate safely in the Polar Region. To ensure that companies operating in these areas identify and manage these challenges, the International Maritime Organization (IMO) developed the Polar Code (2017) with the intent of increasing the safety for vessels operating in polar waters, and to reduce the impact on humans and environment in this remote, vulnerable and harsh area. This code defines a number of requirements, with which the vessels should operate in accordance with. In this paper, we reveal which challenges the vessel and its crew need to deal with when navigating in polar waters. The challenges will be analysed and assessed through the use of a preliminary qualitative risk analysis to determine the potential hazards the vessel is exposed to under operations in polar waters, and to find out what level of risk the different hazards represents for the vessel and its crew. The main objective of the paper is to find out how the risk levels can be reduced, with particular focus on the use of simulator training as a risk reducing measure. The final goal is to measure the risk towards acceptance criteria, which have been determined prior to conducting the analysis.
REFERENCES
Dalaklis D. and Baxevani E., (2018) Maritime Transport in the Arctic After the Introduction of the Polar Code: A Discussion of the New Training Needs. In: Hildebrand L., Brigham L., Johansson T. (eds) Sustainable Shipping in a Changing Arctic. WMU Studies in Maritime Affairs, vol 7. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-78425-0_21 - doi:10.1007/978-3-319-78425-0_21
DNV; Det Norske Veritas, (2010). Risikoanalyse vedrørende los- eller kjentmannstjeneste som skal gjelde på Svalbard, Høvik. https://www.kystverket.no/contentassets/ 894dd68148814c05a44320c7296e9149/risikoanalyse-vedrorende-los-eller-kjentmanstjeneste-som-skal-gjelde-pa-svalbard.pdf
DNV GL, (2014). Årsaksanalyse av grunnstøtinger og kollisjoner i norske farvann, Høvik. http://www.kystverket.no/contentassets/f056df3c875140aa98ef49a25cc082c6/3_arsaksanalyse.pdf
Gudmestad, O. T.; Rettedal, W. K.; Sand, S. S.; Brabazon, P.; Trbojevic, V. and Helsøe, E., (1995). Use of simulator training to reduce risk in offshore marine operations, OMAE-95, Vol. Ⅱ, p.p. 513-521, Copenhagen, June.
Hjelmervik, K.; Nazir, S. and Myhrvold, A., (2018). Simulator training for maritime complex tasks: an experimental study, WMU J Maritime Affairs 17: 17. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13437- 017-0133-0 - doi:10.1007/s13437-017-0133-0
IMO, International Maritime Organization, (2017). The International Polar Code, IMO, London
Kongsberg Maritime., (2018, May 22). K-Sim Navigation – Ship Bridge Simulator. https://kongsberg.com/en/ kongsberg-digital/maritime%20simulation/k-sim%20navigation%20-page/
Kozuba, J. and Bondaruk, A., (2014). Flight simulator as an essential device supporting the process of shaping pilot's situational awareness. INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE of SCIENTIFIC PAPER AFASES 2014, p.p. 695-714, Brasov, May. http://www.afahc.ro/ro/afases/2014/forte/Kozuba.pdf
Rambøll, (2011). En analyse av sannsynligheten for ulykker ved seilas på Øst-Svalbard. Trondheim. http://docplayer.me/4761414-En-analyse-av-sannsynligheten-for-ulykker-ved-seilas-pa-ost-svalbard.html
Rothblaum, A. M; Wheal, D.; Withington, S.; Shappell, S. A.; Wiegmann, D. A.; Boehm, W. and Chaderjian, M., (2002). Human Factors in Incident Investigation and Analysis, 2nd International Workshop on Human Factors in Offshore (HFW2002), Houston, April. http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a458863.pdf
Samuelsen, E.M.; Løset, S. and Edvardsen, K., (2015). Marine icing observed on KV Nordkapp during a cold air outbreak with a developing polar low in the Barents Sea, Port and Ocean Engineering under Arctic Conditions, Trondheim, June.
Citation note:
Røds J.F., Gudmestad O.T.: Use of Simulator Training to Mitigate Risks in Arctic Shipping Operations. TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation, Vol. 13, No. 2, doi:10.12716/1001.13.02.14, pp. 375-379, 2019

File downloaded 13 times








Important: TransNav.eu cookie usage
The TransNav.eu website uses certain cookies. A cookie is a text-only string of information that the TransNav.EU website transfers to the cookie file of the browser on your computer. Cookies allow the TransNav.eu website to perform properly and remember your browsing history. Cookies also help a website to arrange content to match your preferred interests more quickly. Cookies alone cannot be used to identify you.
Akceptuję pliki cookies z tej strony