ISSN 2083-6473
ISSN 2083-6481 (electronic version)




Associate Editor
Tomasz Neumann

Published by
TransNav, Faculty of Navigation
Gdynia Maritime University
3, John Paul II Avenue
81-345 Gdynia, POLAND
www http://www.transnav.eu
e-mail transnav@am.gdynia.pl
Turkish Women Seafarers and A Quastionnaire Study on Employment Situation
1 Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon, Turkey
ABSTRACT: Throughout history, women have struggled to gain a place and establish their presence in social life. Mostly, they have continued their life in the position of carrying out family responsibilities. When women want to get involved in the business world, they are facing some problems arising from dogmatic thinking and prejudices, especially among the professions with "male-dominated" judiciary. Maritime profession, one of the oldest professions in the world, was also regarded as a single-gender area until the 20th century. However, in recent years, economical and political changes in the world, equal opportunity in education and incentive works of the International Maritime Organization have led women to work as seafarers. Although female seafarers constitute 2% of the world seafarers, this ratio is higher in developed countries than that of undeveloped or developing countries (URL-1). There is very little information regarding women seafarers in general, including the actual population size. Most of studies focus on passenger ships or cruise ships, not cargo ships (Sohyun, 2010). It is difficult to find relevant studies regarding women seafarers in the world, including in Turkey. In Turkey, women have played an active role and gained an apparent identity in the maritime sector since the 2000s. According to 2015 data, Turkey is ranks the 14th in the world maritime trade with more than 27,6 million deadweight tonnage and manages 1530 vessels (UNCTAD, 2015). In Turkey, many studies related to the employment of seafarers are carried out as in the whole world. However, studies on the employment of women seafarers should be paid more attention. In this study, a questionnaire was carried out with the personnel department managers in Turkish shipping companies. Employment, career, educational status of female seafarers and the general difficulties they face were revealed.
Aşkın, F. (2016), Türkiye’de Denizci Kadınların Geçmişi ve Bugünü (Women Seafarers’ History and Today in Turkey), Denizcilik Dergisi, page 66-70, Mart-Nisan 2016, İstanbul, ISSN 1308-8629 (in Turkish)
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Popescu, C.,Varsami, A.E. (2010), LatestTrends on EngineeringEducation. In: Dondon P. and Martin O. (ed), The Place of Women in a Men’s World from a Maritime University Perspective, Corfu Island, Greece, pp. 182-186
Sohyun, J. (2010), Why not women seafarers? Towards a development strategy for the recruitment and retention of women seafarers in cargo ships with particular reference to the Republic of Korea, Msc Thesis, World Maritime University
UNCTAD (2015), Review of Maritime Transport 2015, United Nations Publication, eISBN: 978-92-1-057410-5
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URL-1, http://www.itfseafarers.org/ITI-women-seafarers.cfm December, 2013
WHO (2003), Mental Health Legislation & Human Rights, World Health Organization, ISBN 92 4 154595 x
World Bank (2012), World Development Report 2012, Gender Equality And Development, Washington DC, eISBN: 978-0-8213-8812-9
Citation note:
Yılmaz H., Başar E., Özdemir U.: Turkish Women Seafarers and A Quastionnaire Study on Employment Situation. TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation, Vol. 10, No. 2, doi:10.12716/1001.10.02.18, pp. 353-360, 2016
Authors in other databases:
Hatice Yılmaz: Scopus icon55759696000 Scholar iconZc52lk4AAAAJ
Ersan Başar: Scopus icon8525936100 Scholar iconGv1dcbUAAAAJ

Other publications of authors:

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