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Tomasz Neumann
 

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TransNav, Faculty of Navigation
Gdynia Maritime University
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81-345 Gdynia, POLAND
www http://www.transnav.eu
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Storm-surges Indicator for the Polish Baltic Coast
1 Institute of Meteorology and Water Management, Maritime Branch, Gdynia, Poland
ABSTRACT: Storm surges appear in the coastal zone of the Baltic Sea and, depending on row of factors, have different sizes, specifically characteristic for each region of the sea-coast. Observed climate changes are characterized with greater dynamics of weather phenomena. To compare the risk of storm surges to different areas, a new method had to be developed. Storm-surges indicator is used to compare the risks to the South Baltic water areas, varied along with conditions therein and the hydro meteorological and local conditions. The studies on the relations between the parameters and the occurrence of storm surges were carried out as well. The storm surges indicator ?W? is related to the number of storm surges observed at the stations in the particular regions, the maximal wind velocity and the max sea level occurring during the same storm surges. The storm surges indicator was calculated for the period of 1955-2008 for the Polish coastal zone. The intention is to use this indicator for research and forecasting purposes. Assessment of the tendencies and variability of the regional phenomena indicators in timescale prove occurrence of certain regional changes of hydrometeorological conditions.
REFERENCES
Lisitzin, E. 1974. Sea-level changes, Elsevier Scientific Publishing Company, Amsterdam – Oxford – New York
Majewski, A. 1961. General characteristic of sea level changes on the Southern Baltic Sea, Bull. PIHM 4, Warszawa
Majewski, A., Dziadziuszko, Z., Wiśniewska, A. 1983. The catalogue of storm surges on the Polish coasts in the years 1951-1975 (in Polish). Warszawa: Wyd. Kom. i Łączn.
SRES scenarios - The Special Report on Emissions Scenarios, prepared by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), 2001,
Stanisławczyk, I. 2002. Meteorological conditions of storm surges on the southern Baltic Coast in period 1976-2000, Conf. NT Maritime Safety and Protect of Natural Environment, NOT Koszalin, pp 95-102,
Stanisławczyk I., Sztobryn M., Kowalska B., Mykita M., 2008, “Climate of Low Sea Levels on the Southern Baltic Sea Coast.” Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, Olsztyn, 205-212,
Stanisławczyk I., Kowalska B., Mykita M., 2009. Low sea level occurrence of the southern Balic Sea coast. Monogr.: Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation – Weintrit A. (ed.), CRC Press/Balkema, 473-478, Leiden, Holandia
Sztobryn, M., Stigge, H-J., Wielbińska, D., Weidig, B. & Stanisławczyk, I. et al. 2005. Storm Surges in the Southern Baltic Sea (Western and Central Parts), Monogr., Bundesamtes für Seeschifffart und Hydrographie: 39, 51, 3, 51.
Sztobryn M., Weidig B., Stanisławczyk I., Holfort J., Kowalska B., Mykita M., Kańska A., Krzysztofik K., Perlet I.. 2009. Negative surges in the southern Baltic Sea (western and central parts). Berichte des Bundesamtes für Seeschifffahrt und Hydrographie Nr. 45/2009, 73
Wielbińska, D. 1964. Influence of atmospheric situation on sea level. Bull. PIHM 2
Citation note:
Stanisławczyk I.: Storm-surges Indicator for the Polish Baltic Coast. TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation, Vol. 6, No. 1, pp. 123-129, 2012

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