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Gdynia Maritime University
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Some Effects of Wind on Ship’s Manoeuvrability
1 Polish Naval Academy, Gdynia, Poland
ABSTRACT: All ships experience an air and wind resistance while under way of sea, and they may experience adverse effects on wind while manoeuvring in harbours and limited waterways. The wind resistance is proportional to relative wind speed squared, wind direction and the projected windage area of the ship. The paper describes the effect of wind pressure into the ship’s superstructures and houses on ship manoeuvrability, in the range of the wind speed, for the ship which is with the large windage area. The above is one of the recommended information to be included in the ship’s manoeuvring booklet, as per IMO Resolution A.601(15). In sea practice, the manoeuvring characteristics in wind, as wind forces and moments, course-keeping limitation, and drifting under wind influence are fare from these estimated. The results obtained during the several years of practice in ship’s exploitation are included in this paper.
REFERENCES
Civitan L. 2003: Determining wind gust using mean hourly wind speed. GEOFIZIKA Vol.20(5),pp. 63-73.
Nam-Kyun Im, Van-Luong Tran,: Ship’s maneuverability in strong wind., Journal of Navigation and Port Research. International Edition. Vol.32, No.2, pp. 115-120, 2008. - doi:10.5394/KINPR.2008.32.2.115
Azad, A.K., Alam, M.M.: Determination of wind gust factor at windy areas of Bangladesh. Proceedings of the 13th Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics.17-21 December 2010.
Meng Long Zhou, Bin Lin, Xu Zhan, Xiao Feng Zang, Peng Fei Lin : Analysis of wind load effect on ship loader in shipping process. Materials Science Forum., Vol.770, pp. 155-158, 2014. - doi:10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.770.155
Citation note:
Szymoński M.: Some Effects of Wind on Ship’s Manoeuvrability. TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation, Vol. 13, No. 3, doi:10.12716/1001.13.03.19, pp. 623-626, 2019

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