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Requirement of a Ship Breaking Yard at the Arvand Free Zone Area
1 Khoramshahar Maritime University, Khoramshahar, Iran
ABSTRACT: In this paper, the author is going to investigate the concept of ship recycling which implies to the materials and equipment including end of ships life. The scraped steel is melted down and is commonly used in the construction industries of ship recycling countries, and some equipment might be re-used in other industries too. A segment of this paper is dedicated to describe about the strategic position of Arvand River and the location of Arvand Free Zone area at the Persian Gulf. It should be noted that ship recycling commonly takes place in developing countries which tend to have a competitive advantage due to the low cost labor, may have weaker environmental protection / worker health and safety regulations, and have national demand for the outputs of the activity. The International Maritime Organization (IMO) adopted the Hong Kong International Convention related to the safety and environmental sound recycling of ships to address the growing about the environment, job health and safety risks related to ship recycling. A part of this paper dedicated to review the role of the Hong Kong Convention in order to ensure the process of ship recycling without risks to human health and to the environment. The main part of this paper is designated to evaluate the role of establishment of a ship scraping yard at the Arvand Free Zone Area, its market at the Persian Gulf and improving the safety of navigation at the Arvand River. The research methodology of this paper will be designated to consider the qualitative part of this research by using interview with the experts in order to find out and select the key factors for further consideration; as a result of that a model will be created which can be tested by a questioner. In addition to the above explanation, relationship between the variables and testing hypothesizes of this research will be analyzed by using SPSS and Lisrel software as quantitative part of this research.
REFERENCES
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The Basel Action Network on behalf of the Global NGO Platform on Ship-breaking, Critique of Draft IMO “International Convention for Safe and Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ships”, 2006.
Statement of Concern on the New IMO Convention on Ship-breaking, (Joint Statement by 107 NGOs from across the World), 2009.
The Hong Kong Convention on the recycling of ships, Shipping & Trade Law, Professor Mikis Tsimplis University of Southampton, 2009.
Xiaodong Tou, The Trans-boundary Movement of Harmful Wastes and the Transformation of Transnational State Responsibility, 5 Macquarie J. Int'l & Comp.Envtl. L. 97, 2008.
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Citation note:
Yousefi H.: Requirement of a Ship Breaking Yard at the Arvand Free Zone Area. TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation, Vol. 10, No. 3, doi:10.12716/1001.10.03.15, pp. 495-492, 2016

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