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ISSN 2083-6473
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Tomasz Neumann
 

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TransNav, Faculty of Navigation
Gdynia Maritime University
3, John Paul II Avenue
81-345 Gdynia, POLAND
www http://www.transnav.eu
e-mail transnav@am.gdynia.pl
Maritime Communication, Navigation and Surveillance (CNS)
1 Durban University of Technology, KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa
ABSTRACT: This paper introduces development and implementation of Maritime Satellite Communications, Navigation and Surveillance (CNS) of GPS or GLONASS for enhancement of safety and emergency systems including security and control of vessels, logistic and freight at sea, on inland waters and the security of crew and passengers on board ships, cruisers, boats, rigs and hovercrafts. These improvements include many applications for the better management and operation of vessels and they are needed more than ever because of world merchant fleet expansion. Just the top 20 world ships registers have more than 40,000 units under their national flags. Above all, the biggest problem today is that merchant ships and their crews are targets of the types of crime traditionally associated with the maritime industries, such as piracy, robbery and recently, a target for terrorist attacks. Thus, International Maritime Organization (IMO) and flag states will have a vital role in developing International Ship and Port Security (ISPS). The best way to implement ISPS is to design an Approaching and Port Control System (APCS) by special code augmentation satellite CNS for all ships including tracking and monitoring of all vehicle circulation in and out of the seaport area. The establishment of Maritime CNS is discussed as a part of Global Satellite Augmentation Systems (GSAS) of the US GPS and Russian GLONASS for integration of the existing Regional Satellite Augmentation Systems (RSAS) such as the US WAAS, European EGNOS and Japanese MSAS, and for development new RSAS such as the Russian SDMC, Chinese SNAS, Indian GAGAN and African ASAS. This research has also to include RSAS for Australia and South America, to meet all requirements for GSAS and to complement the services already provided by Differential GPS (DGPS) for Maritime application of the US Coast Guard by development Local Satellite Augmentation System (LSAS) in seaports areas.
REFERENCES
Ilcev D. St. “Global Aeronautical Communications, Navigation and Surveillance (CNS)”, John Wiley, Chichester, 2010.
Ilcev D. St. “Satellite CNS for Maritime Transportation Augmentation System (MTAS)”, CriMiCo Conference, IEEE Catalog Numbers CFP09788, Sevastopol, Ukraine 2009.
Kaplan E.D. “Understanding GPS Principles and Applications”, Artech House, Boston, 1996.
Ilcev D. St. “Maritime Communications, Navigation and Surveillance (CNS)”, DUT, Durban, 2010.
Group of Authors, “Website of EGNOS (www.esa.int), WAAS (www.gps.faa.gov) GSAS”, 2008.
Ilcev D. St. “Global Mobile Satellite Communications for Maritime, Land and Aeronautical Applications”, Springer, Boston, 2005.
Group of Authors, “MTSAT Update”, NextSAT/10 CG, Japan Civil Aviation Bureau, MSAS, Tokyo, 2009.
El-Rabbany A. “Introduction to GPS”, Artech House, Boston, 2002.
Grewal M.S. and others, “Global Positioning Systems, Inertial Navigation, and Integration”, Wiley, London, 2008.
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Citation note:
Ilcev S.D.: Maritime Communication, Navigation and Surveillance (CNS). TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 39-50, 2011

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