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ISSN 2083-6473
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Tomasz Neumann
 

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TransNav, Faculty of Navigation
Gdynia Maritime University
3, John Paul II Avenue
81-345 Gdynia, POLAND
www http://www.transnav.eu
e-mail transnav@am.gdynia.pl
Integrating Modular Hydrogen Fuel Cell Drives for Ship Propulsion: Prospectus and Challenges
1 State University of New York Maritime College, New York, USA
ABSTRACT: This paper proposes a new drive system for the ship propulsion. The drive power for propelling ship varies from few MW in a small cruise ship to hundreds of MW for large cargo ships. A typical cruise ship has a 6 MW drive whereas a cargo ship has 80 MW drive. Combustion drives are not sustainable and environment friendly. An idea of electric drive system using hydrogen fuel cell and necessary storage has been proposed. The hydrogen reformer develops hydrogen fuel cell using off-shore renewables like Wind, Wave and Solar power but the power handling capability of this fuel cell system (100 kW) restricts the application to the propulsion drives of several MW. The detail drive scheme describing; how multiple modular hydrogen fuel cell drives are integrated to develop variable power. The different options available for the propulsion system and factors affecting the choice are discussed in detail. Also, how such modular drives are helpful in controlling torque and power requirements is discussed. Replacement of electric drive reduces volume and weight of the ship and the available volume can be utilized for the storage and reform systems. The proposed paper will give a remarkable concept to overcome the challenges of utilizing hydrogen fuel cell to the larger scale and in future it can be extended to all other applications.
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Greg Trauthwein, “Back to the Arctic” Marine Technology, October 2009, pp 24-26.
American Bureau of Shipping, ACTIVITIES, August 2010
Yaqub M. Amani “Hydrogen Based Shipping Industry”AG11 Presentation, Pusan South Korea Oct. 2010
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The Institute of Marine Engineers, All Electric Ship, developing benefits for maritime applications, Conference Proceedings, UK, 29-30, September 1998
The First Global Conference on Innovation in Marine Technology and the Future of Maritime Transportation
Hackman, T. “Electric propulsion systems for ships” ABB Review, No.3 pp. 3-12, 1992
Parag R. Upadhyay and K. R. Rajagopal, “FE Analysis and CAD of Radial-Flux Surface Mounted Permanent Magnet Brushless DC Motors”, IEEE Transactions on Magnetics Vol. 41, No. 10, October 2005, pp 3952-3954.
Citation note:
Upadhyay P., Amani Y., Burke R.: Integrating Modular Hydrogen Fuel Cell Drives for Ship Propulsion: Prospectus and Challenges. TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation, Vol. 6, No. 4, pp. 547-552, 2012

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