HomePage
 




 


 

ISSN 2083-6473
ISSN 2083-6481 (electronic version)
 

 

 

Editor-in-Chief

Associate Editor
Tomasz Neumann
 

Published by
TransNav, Faculty of Navigation
Gdynia Maritime University
3, John Paul II Avenue
81-345 Gdynia, POLAND
www http://www.transnav.eu
e-mail transnav@am.gdynia.pl
Improving Preparedness for Shipborne Oil Pollution – Highlights of Tabletop Exercises at Saimaa Inland Waters
1 South‐Eastern Finland University of Applied Sciences, Kotka, Finland
ABSTRACT: Lake Saimaa is the largest lake in Finland and the Saimaa inland waterway network is one of the main transport corridors for merchant shipping. The Saimaa inland watercourse is a challenging operating environment due to shallow waters, narrowness of the fairways, fast currents as well as the sensitiveness of the environment. It is recognised that the heavy vessel traffic poses a risk of oil pollution. An oil spill incident in inland waters has a high potential for contaminating shorelines and affecting populated areas. Responding to such an incident involves several governmental and regional authorities, agencies and voluntary organisations. Inter-agency coordination is considered a key element in incident management. Several exercise types can be used to train multi-agency collaboration in joint response operations. This paper analyses the benefits of tabletop exercises in the strengthening of joint preparedness and contingency planning. Paper compares the outcomes of discussion-based exercises with operations-based drills and full-scale exercises. The analysis is based on four oil spill response tabletop exercises and five oil response drills conducted in Saimaa region in 2017–2018. Different types of exercises make it possible to focus on different aspects of the response operation. Operations-based exercises are useful in improving technical skills and testing procedures and the functioning of the equipment. Due to time restrictions, the equipment deployment drills usually focus on a specific function or a single task. Tabletop exercises can be used to assess contingency plans on a strategic level. Tabletop exercises offer an opportunity to clarify roles and responsibilities, discuss priorities and establish inter-agency agreements. The advantages of tabletop exercises include their flexibility in scenario-building, low-cost implementation and the possibility to study a longer time span in order to gain a more holistic view of the response operation.
REFERENCES
Altarriba, E.; Halonen, J.; Silmäri, J. & Punnonen, J. 2018. Oil Spill Response Planning on Lake Saimaa – Special Features and Comprehensive Preparedness. Short Paper in Interspill. Conference proceedings 2018. p. 3.
Finland’s Environmental Administration 2015. State of the surface waters. Available at [Ref. 7.1.2019]
Finnish Transport Infrastructure Agency 2019. Navigation in the Saimaa Canal and Lake Saimaa. Available at [Ref. 8.1.2019]
Finnish Transport Agency 2018. Traffic through the Saimaa canal and other canals in Finland. Statistics from the Finnish Transport Agency 2/2018. ISBN 978-952-317- 520-4. p. 15.
Gleason, J. 2003. Taking a step back. Exercises as training opportunities. Article in International Oil Spill Conference Proceedings 2003. p. 1, 2, 3. - doi:10.7901/2169-3358-2003-1-1055
Halonen, J. 2018. Öljyntorjunnan harjoitussuunnittelu Saimaan alueella. In Öljyntorjunnan toimintamallin kehittäminen Saimaan syväväylälle. SÖKÖSaimaa-hankkeen taustaselvitykset ja loppuraportti. Halonen, J. (ed.) Xamk Kehittää 64. Kotka: Kaakkois-Suomen ammattikorkeakoulu. ISBN 978-952-344-138-5. p. 539, 543–545.
Halonen J., Häkkinen J., & Kauppinen J. 2016. Alusliikenteen riskialueet Saimaa syväväylällä alusöljyvahingon näkökulmasta. Tutkimusraportti Älykö-hankkeen vesiliikenteen riskikohteiden kartoituksesta. Kymenlaakson ammattikorkeakoulun julkaisuja Sarja B. Tutkimuksia ja raportteja nro 160. Kotka: Kymenlaakson ammattikorkeakoulu. ISBN 978-952-306-174-3. p. 31, 37–38, 39, 40.
Halonen, J. & Kauppinen, J. 2017. Scenario-based Oil Spill Response Model for Saimaa Inland Waters. In Maritime Transportation and Harvesting of Sea Resources, Volume 1. Soares, C. G. & Teixeira, Ã. P. (eds.) Proceedings of IMAM 2017, 17th International Congress of the International Maritime Association of the Mediterranean. London: Tailor & Francis Group. ISBN 978-0-8153-7993-5. p. 306, 311.
Heikkilä, H. 2016. Laivan teknisen kaavion käyttö onnettomuustilanteessa Saimaalla. Bachelor’s Thesis. Kymenlaakso University of Applied Sciences, Bachelor of Marine Technology, p. 22, 30.
IMO & IPIECA 2005. Guide to oil spill exercise planning. IMO/IPIECA Report Series. Volume 2. London: International Petroleum Industry Environmental Conservation Association. p. 3, 7–8, 11.
IPIECA & IOGP 2014. Oil spill exercises. Good practice guidelines for the development of an effective exercise programme. IOGP Report 515. p. 5, 12, 13, 19.
Leonard, J. J. & Roberson, M. 1999. Adding realism to tabletop exercises. Article in International Oil Spill Conference Proceedings 1999, p. 555, 556. - doi:10.7901/2169-3358-1999-1-555
Leonard, J. J.; Karwan, K. G.; Hahn, J. & Gibeault, C. 2014. Exercising the Recovery Phase: Taking the Next Step. In International Oil Spill Conference Proceedings 2014. p. 144–145. - doi:10.7901/2169-3358-2014.1.144
Narin van Court, W. A. & Robinson, M. B. 2014. Insight from Meta-Analysis if Recent Exercises. In International Oil Spill Conference Proceedings 2014. p. 1390. - doi:10.7901/2169-3358-2014.1.1388
Official Statistics of Finland (OSF). Canal Traffic [e-publication]. Helsinki: Finnish Transport Agency. Available at
[Ref. 14.1.2019].
Owens, E. H.; Taylor, E.; Marty, R. & Little, D. I. 1993. An Inland Oil Spill Response Manual to Minimize Adverse Environmental Impacts. Article in International Oil Spill Conference Proceedings 1993. p. 105. - doi:10.7901/2169-3358-1993-1-105
Patrick. L. & Barber, C. 2001. Tabletop exercises - preparing through play. Article in International Oil Spill Conference Proceedings 2001. p. 363, 365, 366. - doi:10.7901/2169-3358-2001-1-363
Rassi, P.; Hyvärinen, E.; Juslen, A. & Mannerkoski I. 2010. The 2010 Red List of Finnish species. Helsinki: Ministry of the Environment. p. 343.
Toivola, V. 2015. Saimaan syväväylän alueen alusöljy- ja aluskemikaalivahinkojen torjunnan yhteistoimintasuunnitelma. Etelä-Savon elinkeino-, liikenne ja ympäristö- keskus. Raportteja 39/2015. ISBN 978-952-314-255-8. p. 54.
Citation note:
Halonen J., Altarriba E.: Improving Preparedness for Shipborne Oil Pollution – Highlights of Tabletop Exercises at Saimaa Inland Waters. TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation, Vol. 13, No. 1, doi:10.12716/1001.13.01.23, pp. 221-228, 2019

Other publications of authors:


File downloaded 34 times








Important: TransNav.eu cookie usage
The TransNav.eu website uses certain cookies. A cookie is a text-only string of information that the TransNav.EU website transfers to the cookie file of the browser on your computer. Cookies allow the TransNav.eu website to perform properly and remember your browsing history. Cookies also help a website to arrange content to match your preferred interests more quickly. Cookies alone cannot be used to identify you.
Akceptuję pliki cookies z tej strony