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ISSN 2083-6473
ISSN 2083-6481 (electronic version)
 

 

 

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Associate Editor
Tomasz Neumann
 

Published by
TransNav, Faculty of Navigation
Gdynia Maritime University
3, John Paul II Avenue
81-345 Gdynia, POLAND
www http://www.transnav.eu
e-mail transnav@am.gdynia.pl
Human Errors and Oil Pollution from Tankers
1 Constanta Maritime University, Constan╚Ťa, Romania
ABSTRACT: The economical development of the world is based on transportation system. More than half of the products transported all over the world are carried by sea. Sea transportation is made with different kind of ships, as bulk carriers, cargo vessels, container ships, tankers. Ships are managed by people. In group or as individual, anybody can make errors. In maritime area these errors have as results accidents and disasters. Many of these events affect especially the environment. As 80% of necessary petroleum products are transported by sea, the risk of a major environment disaster caused by human errors is high. Anyway, over 99% of petroleum cargo transported by sea is carried without incidents. This paper presents the effects of human errors, mostly cases that involved tankers, which were produced in the navigation and operational processes.
REFERENCES
McCallum M.C., Raby M. & Rothblum A.M. 1996 Procedures for Investigating and Reporting Human Factors and Fatigue Contributions to Marine Casualties. U.S. Coast Guard Report No. CG-D-09-97. AD-A323392.
Perrow C. 1984 Normal Accidents: Living with High-Risk Technologies.
Wagenaar W.A. & Groeneweg J. 1987 Accidents at sea: Multiple causes and impossible consequences.
Hanzu-Pazara R. & Bocanete P. 2006 The influence of team error in maritime industry, Transport Book of Constanta Maritime University Navigation Dept, no. 4.
Reason J, 1990 Human errors.
Citation note:
Arsenie P., Hanzu-Pazara R.: Human Errors and Oil Pollution from Tankers. TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation, Vol. 2, No. 4, pp. 409-413, 2008

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