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ISSN 2083-6473
ISSN 2083-6481 (electronic version)
 

 

 

Editor-in-Chief

Associate Editor
Tomasz Neumann
 

Published by
TransNav, Faculty of Navigation
Gdynia Maritime University
3, John Paul II Avenue
81-345 Gdynia, POLAND
www http://www.transnav.eu
e-mail transnav@am.gdynia.pl
Comparison of Survival and Safety Requirements in European Union for Recreational Craft Inspections. A Spanish Case Study
1 Polytechnic University of Catalonia, Catalonia, Barcelona, Spain
ABSTRACT: Statistical data shows that a large number of maritime accidents are related to recreational craft. For instance, in Spain, more than fifty percent of the emergencies are related to pleasure boats at sea. Recreational craft marketed in the EU must comply with harmonized technical safety and environmental requirements defined by Directive 94/25/EC, as amended in 2003. On 28 December 2013, the new recreational craft directive 2013/53/EU was published in the Official Journal of the European Union. EU Member States have until 18 January 2016 to amend their national legislation and transpose the new directive. The current directive 94/25/EC as amended by directive 2003/44/EC will be repealed on 18 January 2016, after the full application of the new text. Although this directive, there is not a clear coordination and equivalence among the EU countries according to the survival and safety equipment compulsory for recreational crafts. The main purpose of this paper is to analyze and compare the types of survey / inspections to be carried in pleasure craft (non-commercial use), periodicity and required safety equipment in some member states of the European Union. A case study of Spain is presented. From the results obtained, we can make clear that in the European Union there is a lack of coordination in this area and indicate the need to unify a common pattern in inspections and survival and safety requirements of recreational boats in the EU.
REFERENCES
Arrêté du 11 mars 2008 modifiant l'arrêté du 23 novembre 1987 relatif à la sécurité des navires - Division 240. Division 241, France.
Decreto 5 ottobre 1999 n. 478 Regolamento recante norme di sicurezza per la navigazione da diporto (G.U. del 17.12.1999), Italy.
Decreto-Lei n.º 124/2004, de 25 de Maio – Regulamento da Náutica de Recreio, Portugal
Directive 2003/44/EC of the European Commission, 16 June 2003, amending Directive 94/25/EC on the approximation of the laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States relating to recreational craft
Directive 94/25/EC of the European Commission, 16 June 1994, on the approximation of the laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States relating to recreational craft
International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS), 1974.
Merchant shipping – Registration of ships. Regulations 1993
Merchant Shipping (Small Workboats and Pilot Boats) Regulations 1998, SI 1998/1609.
Merchant Shipping (Vessels in Commercial Use for Sport or Pleasure) Regulations 1998; SI 1998/ 2771 as amended,
Orden FOM/1144/2003, se regulan los equipos de seguridad, salvamento, contra incendios, navegación y prevención de vertidos por aguas sucias, que deben llevar a bordo las embarcaciones de recreo, 28 April 2003, Spain
Portaria n.º 1491/2002, de 5 de Dezembro – Requisitos de segurança, classificação evistorias das embarcações de recreio, Portugal
Portaria n.º 689/2001, de 10 de Julho – Seguro obrigatório de Responsabilidade Civil, Portugal
Real Decreto 1434/1999, se establecen los reconocimientos e inspecciones de las embarcaciones de recreo para garantizar la seguridad de la vida humana en la mar y se determinan las condiciones que deben reunir las entidades colaboradoras de inspección, 10 Septembre 1999, Spain.
Royal Yachting Association. Available: www.rya.org.uk [Accessed 10 March 2013]
Directive 2013/53/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 November 2013 on recreational craft and personal watercraft and repealing Directive 94/25/EC
Citation note:
Torralbo J., Castells i Sanabra M.: Comparison of Survival and Safety Requirements in European Union for Recreational Craft Inspections. A Spanish Case Study. TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation, Vol. 8, No. 1, doi:10.12716/1001.08.01.12, pp. 103-111, 2014

Other publications of authors:

F.X. Martínez de Osés, M. Castells i Sanabra, M. Rodríguez Nuevo

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