HomePage
 




 


 

ISSN 2083-6473
ISSN 2083-6481 (electronic version)
 

 

 

Editor-in-Chief

Associate Editor
Tomasz Neumann
 

Published by
TransNav, Faculty of Navigation
Gdynia Maritime University
3, John Paul II Avenue
81-345 Gdynia, POLAND
www http://www.transnav.eu
e-mail transnav@am.gdynia.pl
Application of Thermal Analysis and Trough Test for Determination of the Fire Safety of Some Fertilizers Containing Nitrates
1 Gdynia Maritime University, Gdynia, Poland
ABSTRACT: The studies on how a fire on board accidents may be prevented have been actively carried out at both the national and international levels. This paper provides an outlook on fire safety assessment concerning nitrates fertilizers in sea transport. The investigation was aimed at comparison two methods of classification and assignment to a packing group of solid fertilizers of class 5.1 of International Maritime Danger Goods Code. First research was conducted in accordance with the test method described in the United Nations Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, Manual of Test and Criteria, Part III, 34.4.1 ?Test for oxidizing solids?. The second method was the differential thermal analysis (DTA) where the basis was the determination the temperature change rate during thermal reaction. According to two used tests, the investi-gated fertilizers belong to 5.1 class and require to packaging group III of the International Maritime Danger Goods Code. The DTA method gives more quantitative information about fire risk on the ship than method recommended in International Maritime Danger Goods Code.
REFERENCES
Appendix A in the BC Code 2001: London, Printed by International Maritime Organization.
Appendix B in the BC Code 2001: London, Printed by International Maritime Organization.
Bruke R.., Hazardous Materials Chemistry for Emergency Responders. 2003, Bocca Ratton-London-New York-Washington. :Lewis Publishers CRC Press Company,
Ciesielski W., Tomasik P. Starch radicals. Part III: Semiartifical complexes. 1998. Z. Lebensm. Untes. Forsch. A. 207:pp. 292-298.
Ciesielski W., Tomasik P. Baczkowicz M. Starch radicals. Part IV: Thermoanalitical studies. 1998. Z. Lebensm. Untes. Forsch. A. 207:pp. 299-303.
Code of Safe Practice for Solid Bulk Cargoes (BC Code), 2004: London, Printed by International Maritime Organization.
International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code (IMDG Code) 2004:London, Printed by International Maritime Organization.
Kwiatkowska-Sienkiewicz K., Barcewicz K., Rojewski L., 2006; Application of thermal analyze in studies on sea transport safety of oxidizers (3). Proc.The 15 th Symposium of IGWT, Kyiv, Ukraine , pp. 1182-1186.
Kwiatkowska-Sienkiewicz K., 2008; Application of thermal analyze in studies on levels of separation of oxidizers from ammonium chlorate(VII).Proc.The 16 th Symposium of IGWT, Suwon, Korea, pp. 737-739.
Kwiatkowska-Sienkiewicz K., Barcewicz K.: 2001;The new criteria of separation of oxiedizers from ammonium salts. Proc. European Safety & Reliability Conference, ESREL, Turyn, Italy, Ed. Technical University in Turyn, pp.959-963.
Manual of Tests and Criteria Part III, 34.4.1.: 2001: London, United Nations Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods.
Michałowski Z., Barcewicz K., 1997. A new proposal for assignment criteria fo the oxidizers into 5.1 class and packaging categories of IMDG Code. Polish Maritime Research, , 3 (13) 4-25.
Michałowski Z., Barcewicz K. 1998. Derywatograficzne badania przebiegu reakcji niektórych utleniaczy zaliczanych do do klasy 5.1 z solami amonowymi. Proc. „Problemy ładunkoznawcze w obrocie morskim”, Gdynia, Poland. pp. 105-108.
Citation note:
Kwiatkowska-Sienkiewicz K., Kałucka P.: Application of Thermal Analysis and Trough Test for Determination of the Fire Safety of Some Fertilizers Containing Nitrates. TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation, Vol. 4, No. 4, pp. 441-445, 2010

File downloaded 691 times








Important: TransNav.eu cookie usage
The TransNav.eu website uses certain cookies. A cookie is a text-only string of information that the TransNav.EU website transfers to the cookie file of the browser on your computer. Cookies allow the TransNav.eu website to perform properly and remember your browsing history. Cookies also help a website to arrange content to match your preferred interests more quickly. Cookies alone cannot be used to identify you.
Akceptuję pliki cookies z tej strony