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ISSN 2083-6473
ISSN 2083-6481 (electronic version)
 

 

 

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Tomasz Neumann
 

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TransNav, Faculty of Navigation
Gdynia Maritime University
3, John Paul II Avenue
81-345 Gdynia, POLAND
www http://www.transnav.eu
e-mail transnav@am.gdynia.pl
Analysis of Factors Affecting the Evacuation of People from Vessels in Life-Endangering Situations
1 Maritime University of Szczecin, Szczecin, Poland
ABSTRACT: The trends to build ever larger passenger vessels enforce the necessity of continuous improvement of safety systems on such ships. Sea voyages constitute nowadays an attractive form of spending one?s leisure, which is why people aboard vessels should also have their safety ensured in the case of a necessity to evacuate them. Paper presents the methods of lengthening of the time available for conducting evacuation, shortening the time of becoming aware of the necessity of evacuation and shortening the time of evacuation itself. An interesting concept of signalling the direction of evacuation by means of sound, bound strictly with the way man?s instrument of hearing functions and the way of locating the source of sound is also presented at the paper. A new approach to designing evacuation systems is discussed at the paper. The concept of a ?safe haven? is presented.
REFERENCES
International Convention for Safety of Life at Sea. 1986, Consolidated text of the 1974 SOLAS Convention, the 1978 SOLAS Protocol, the 1981 and 1983 SOLAS Amendments. IMO, London.
International Maritime Organisation (IMO), 2002, Interim Guidelines for evacuation analysis for new and existing passenger ships, MSC Circular n. MSC/Circ.1033, 26-th June.
International Maritime Organisation (IMO) January 2004, Large passenger ship safety, document FP 48/WP.7/ Rev 1, London.
Łozowicka, D. & Krystosik, A. & Krystosik, P. 2003, Human factor in case the fire growth at the ship. KONBIN ’03, Akademia Morska, Gdynia.
Łozowicka, D. & Łozowicki, A. 2006, Konstrukcja dróg ewakuacji na statku pasażerskim w aspekcie zapewnienia bezpieczeństwa życia na morzu. Zeszyty Naukowe Akademii Morskiej w Szczecinie, nr (11)83, EXPLO-SHIP 2006, Szczecin.
O’Connor, D.J. 2005, Directional sound, NFPA Journal, May/June.
Withington, D. 2001, Directional sound for emergency evacuation.. Paper prepared for Forty Fifth Session of the IMO Sub Committee on Fire Protection, January.
Citation note:
Łozowicka D.H.: Analysis of Factors Affecting the Evacuation of People from Vessels in Life-Endangering Situations. TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 187-189, 2008

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