Journal is indexed in following databases:

2022 Journal Impact Factor - 0.6
2022 CiteScore - 1.7




ISSN 2083-6473
ISSN 2083-6481 (electronic version)




Associate Editor
Prof. Tomasz Neumann

Published by
TransNav, Faculty of Navigation
Gdynia Maritime University
3, John Paul II Avenue
81-345 Gdynia, POLAND
The Legitimacy of Safety Management Systems in the Minds of Norwegian Seafarers
1 Stord/Haugesund University College, Haugesund, Norway
ABSTRACT: All seafarers I have met are concerned with their own safety and all serious shipping companies, national regulatory authorities, unions and larger shipping clients work to improve safety at sea. Formalised risk management systems are at the heart of these efforts, and there is good reason to believe that they have been very successful. One would therefore expect that seafarers had a positive attitude and were committed to their implementation. Empirical data suggests the opposite. During observational fieldworks over the last two and a half years, on eight different ships in Norway, Australia and Malaysia, not one of the observed seafarers expressed mainly positive opinions about the safety management systems imposed on them. The great majority of seafarers whose opinions have been recorded expressed massive negative sentiments. Assuming a Weberian perspective this paper explores how the bureaucratic implementation of such risk management systems may contribute to this picture.
Almklov, P. G. Rosness, R. & Størkersen, K. (2014). When safety science meets the practitioners: Does safety science contribute to marginalization of practical knowledge? Safety Science, 67(0), 25-36.
Ashforth, B. E. & Gibbs, B. W. (1990). The double-edge of organizational legitimation. Organization science, 1(2), 177-194.
Bourrier, M. & Bieder, C. (2013). Trapping safety into rules: how desirable or avoidable is proceduralization? Farnham: Ashgate.
Bye, R. & Lamvik, G. M. (2007). Professional culture and risk perception: Coping with danger on board small fishing boats and offshore service vessels. Reliability Engineering & System Safety, 92(12), 1756-1763.
Colyvas, J. A. & Powell, W. W. (2006). Roads to institutionalization: The remaking of boundaries between public and private science. Research in organizational behavior, 27, 305-353.
Edwards, A. L. (1957). The social desirability variable in personality assessment and research. Ft Worth, TX, US: Dryden Press.
Furnham, A. (1990). Faking personality questionnaires: Fabricating different profiles for different purposes. Current Psychology, 9(1), 46.
Goffman, E. (1971). The presentation of self in everyday life. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
Knudsen, F. (2009). Paperwork at the service of safety? Workers’ reluctance against written procedures exemplified by the concept of ‘seamanship’. Safety Science, 47(2), 295-303.
Kongsvik, T. Størksen, K. V. & Antonsen, S. (2014). The relationship between regulation, safety management systems and safety culture in the maritime industry. In R. D. J. M. Steenbeergen, P. H. A. J. M. van Gelder, S. Miraglia & A. C. W. M. Vrouwenvelder (Eds.), Beyond the Horizon; Safety, Reliability and Risk Analysis. Leiden, The Netherlands: CRC Press/Balkema.
Lamvik, G. M. Bye, R. J. & Torvatn, H. Y. (2008). Safety Management and Paperwork–Offshore Managers, Reporting Practice, and HSE. Paper presented at the International Conference on Probabilistic Safety Assessment and Management, Hong Kong, China.
Lett, J. (1990). Emics and etics: Notes on the epistemology of anthropology. Emics and etics: The insider/outsider debate, 127-142.
Oldenburg, M. Baur, X. & Schlaich, C. (2010). Occupational risks and challenges of seafaring. Journal of Occupational Health, 52(5), 249-256.
Sjøfartsdirektoratet, N. M. D. (2011). Ulykkesutvikling 2000-2010.
Spencer, M. E. (1970). Weber on legitimate norms and authority. British Journal of Sociology, 123-134.
Suchman, M. C. (1995). Managing legitimacy: Strategic and institutional approaches. Academy of management review, 20(3), 571-610.
Weber, M. (1964). The theory of social and economic organization. New York: The Free Press.
Citation note:
Vandeskog B.: The Legitimacy of Safety Management Systems in the Minds of Norwegian Seafarers. TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation, Vol. 9, No. 1, doi:10.12716/1001.09.01.12, pp. 101-106, 2015

File downloaded 1163 times

Important: cookie usage
The website uses certain cookies. A cookie is a text-only string of information that the TransNav.EU website transfers to the cookie file of the browser on your computer. Cookies allow the website to perform properly and remember your browsing history. Cookies also help a website to arrange content to match your preferred interests more quickly. Cookies alone cannot be used to identify you.
Akceptuję pliki cookies z tej strony