Journal is indexed in following databases:

2022 Journal Impact Factor - 0.6
2022 CiteScore - 1.7




ISSN 2083-6473
ISSN 2083-6481 (electronic version)




Associate Editor
Prof. Tomasz Neumann

Published by
TransNav, Faculty of Navigation
Gdynia Maritime University
3, John Paul II Avenue
81-345 Gdynia, POLAND
Investigation of Watchkeeping Officers' Watches Under The Working Hours Ineligible to STCW Regulation
1 Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon, Turkey
ABSTRACT: In parallel with the increase in the volume of world trade, cargo handling rates and seafarers' pace of work has increased. Although the STCW regulations and restrictions on working hours has improved, this tempo has brought with it insufficient resting hours, especially in short sea transport. It is known that individuals under stress and intensive workloads are more prone to making mistakes due to fatigue. In this study, the officers? working hours are simulated in full-mission simulator at short sea transport to investigate errors made during the navigation and port watches. For this purpose, the data were obtained from 7 volunteers watchkeeping officers with the help of video monitoring and check lists in the full-bridge simulator system and also, system records in cargo handling simulator. With this study, introduced what types of errors made during navigation and port watches by watchkeeping officers under the intense pace of work. And the errors are evaluated under the legislation of international maritime. As a result, to comply with the limitations of working hours, it is necessary to increase the number of officers responsible for operations on short sea transport.
AIBF, 2007. Accident Investigation Board of Finland, Annual Report 2006, Helsinki, Finland (
BEAmer, 2004. Rapport d’activité 2003 Second semestre & 2004 Année (in French)
BEAmer, 2005. Rapport d’activité 2005 (in French)
BEAmer, 2006. Rapport d’activité 2006 (in French)
BEAmer, 2007. Rapport d’activité 2007 (in French)
BEAmer, 2008. Rapport d’activité 2008 (in French)
BEAmer, 2009. Rapport d’activité 2009 (in French)
BEAmer, 2010. Rapport d’activité 2010 (in French)
BEAmer, 2011. Rapport d’activité 2011 (in French)
BP, 2010. Deepwater Horizon Accident Investigation Report
BSU, 2011. 2011 Annual Report Annual_Statistics/annual_ statistics_2011.pdf?__ blob=publicationFile
Chauvin, C. (2011). Human Factors and Maritime Safety. Journal of Navigation, 64(04), 625-632
CIAIM, 2010. Annual Report 2009
CIAIM, 2011. Annual Report 2010
Çakmakçı, M., 2001. Medical Errors: Definitions and Importance of the Topic, ANKEM Journal, 15, 3, 247-249 (in Turkish)
DIMA, 2009. Summary of Marine Accidents and Incidents in 2009
DMA, 2008. Marine Accidents 2007, Copenhagen, Denmark
DMA, 2009. Marine Accidents 2009, Copenhagen, Denmark 20Sea%202009.pdf
Ece, J.N., 2008. Maritime Accidents in History and Countermeasures (in Turkish) index.php?sayfa=yazar&id=11&yazi_id=100278
European Union, 1999. Council Directive 1999/63/EC of 21 June 1999 concerning the Agreement on the organisation of working time of seafarers concluded by the European Community Shipowners’ Association (ECSA) and the Federation of Transport Workers’ Unions in the European Union (FST), Official Journal of the European Union, L 167/33-37
European Union, 2003. Directive 2003/88/EC of The European Parliament and of The Council of 4 November 2003 concerning certain aspects of the organisation of working time, Official Journal of the European Union, L 299/9-18
Greenpeace, 2010. BP Deepwater Oil Disaster (in Turkish)
Hoch, M., 2010. New Estimate Puts Gulf Oil Leak at 205 Million Gallons 2010/08/new-estimate-puts-oil-leak-at-49-million-barrels.html
IMO, 2001. Guidance on Fatigue Mitigation and Management MSC/Circ.1014, London,
IMO, 2004. Resolution A.947(23), Human Element Vision, Principles and Goals for The Organization
IMO, 2011. International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers STCW Including 2010 Manila Amendments, IMO Publications, London.
MAIB, 2012. Annual Report 2011, Southampton, UK
MCIB, 2011. Annual Report 2010
Official Journal, 2002. Seafarers Regulation, Turkey Prime Minister Publications (No. 24832).
Reason, J., 1990. Human Error, Cambridge University Press, UK, 302 s
Rothblum, A.M., 2000. Human Error and Marine Safety, In Proceeding of the Maritime Human Factors Conference 1-10, College Park, Maryland. humanerrorandmarinesafety26.pdf
Shappell, S.A. and Wiegmann, D.A., 2000. The Human Factors Analysis and Classification System-HFACS, 19 s, U.S. Department of Transportation, Office of Aviation Medicine, Report No DOT/FAA/AM-00/7, Washington D.C.
Shea I.P. and Grady N., (1998). Shipboard Organisational Culture in the Merchant Marine Industry, Proceedings of the Safe Navigation Beyond, Gdynia.
SMA, 2007. Notice of the Swedish Maritime Administration, No. 1 2007, Summary of Reported Marine Casualties, Near Accidents and Accidents to Persons – Swedish Merchant and Fishing Vessels 2006
Smith, A., Allen, P. and Wadsworth, E., 2006. Seafarers' Fatigue: the Cardiff Research Programme, Centre for Occupational and Health Psychology Cardiff University, Cardiff, 87 s
Uğurlu, Ö., Köse, E., Başar, E. and Yüksekyıldız, E., 2009. Interview Study on Working Hours of Deck Officers on a Product Tanker.
Uğurlu, Ö., Köse, E., Başar, E., Yüksekyıldız, E. and Yıldırım, U., 2012. Investigation of Working Hours of Watchkeeping Officers on Short Sea Shipping: A Case Study in an Oil Tanker. The 2012 International Association of Maritime Economists Conference, September 2012, Taipei
Citation note:
Yılmaz H., Başar E., Yüksekyıldız E.: Investigation of Watchkeeping Officers' Watches Under The Working Hours Ineligible to STCW Regulation. TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation, Vol. 7, No. 4, doi:10.12716/1001.07.04.03, pp. 493-500, 2013
Authors in other databases:
Hatice Yılmaz: Scopus icon55759696000 Scholar iconZc52lk4AAAAJ
Ersan Başar: Scopus icon8525936100 Scholar iconGv1dcbUAAAAJ
Ercan Yüksekyıldız:

Other publications of authors:

File downloaded 1466 times

Important: cookie usage
The website uses certain cookies. A cookie is a text-only string of information that the TransNav.EU website transfers to the cookie file of the browser on your computer. Cookies allow the website to perform properly and remember your browsing history. Cookies also help a website to arrange content to match your preferred interests more quickly. Cookies alone cannot be used to identify you.
Akceptuję pliki cookies z tej strony