Journal is indexed in following databases:

2022 Journal Impact Factor - 0.6
2022 CiteScore - 1.7




ISSN 2083-6473
ISSN 2083-6481 (electronic version)




Associate Editor
Prof. Tomasz Neumann

Published by
TransNav, Faculty of Navigation
Gdynia Maritime University
3, John Paul II Avenue
81-345 Gdynia, POLAND
Implementation of Marine Spatial Planning Instruments for Sustainable Marine Governance in Poland
1 University of Gdańsk, Gdańsk, Poland
ABSTRACT: Marine spatial planning (MSP) is a process of managing human activities in the marine and coastal environment in order to achieve sustainable development goals. Amendments regarding marine spatial planning within the Polish marine areas introduced to Polish law in 2015 constitute grounds for drawing up maritime spatial plans for marine areas. This paper presents a few general comments on the marine spatial planning in Poland in the context of implementation of the Directive establishing a framework for maritime spatial planning (MSP Directive) in Europe. The MSP Directive plays an important role in the development of marine spatial planning by promoting MSP instruments. Marine spatial plans are the basic instruments of marine spatial planning. The MSP Directive requires all coastal Member States of the European Union to prepare cross-sectoral maritime spatial plans by 2021. Development of the first maritime spatial plan for Polish marine areas was started in 2013. The MSP legal basis are included in the Marine Areas of the Republic of Poland and Maritime Administration Act of 1991 amended in 2015, which defines the legal situation of the marine areas of the Republic of Poland, the coastal area, the sea ports and harbours, and the rules for the use of these areas, as well as the maritime administration authorities and their competences.
J. Harrison, Saving the Oceans through Law, The International Legal Framework for Protection of the Marine Environment, Oxford 2017, pp. 17-41; D. Pyć, Prawo Oceanu Światowego, Res usus publicum, Gdańsk 2011, pp. 120-128.
J. Zaucha, Gospodarowanie przestrzenią morską, Instytut Rozwoju, Sopot 2018, passim; R. Beckman, B. Coleman, Integrated Coastal Management: The Role of Law and Lawyers, The International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law, vol. 14, No 4, Kluwer Law International 1999, pp. 491-522. - doi:10.1163/15718089920492555
A. Kannen, K. Gee, N. Blazauskas, R. Cormier, K. Dahl, C. Göke, A. Morf, A. Ross, A. Schultz-Zehden, A Catalogue of Approaches and Tools for MSP, Geesthacht 2016;
T. Bąkowski, Planowanie i zagospodarowanie przestrzenne polskich obszarów morskich, Gdańsk 2018, pp., 57-84.
Directive MSP 2014. Directive 2014/89/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 July 2014 establishing a framework for maritime spatial planning, OJ L 257, 28.8.2014, p. 135–145.
D. Pyć, The Polish Legal Regime on Marine Spatial Planning, Maritime Law, vol. XXXIII, Gdańsk 2017.
I. Magel, A, Luttmann, Marine Spatial Planning as an Instrument of Sustainable Development of the Seas, 2017, pp. 468-478; DOI: 10.21638/11701/spbu14.2017.409; - doi:10.21638/11701/spbu14.2017.409
F. Maes, The International Legal Framework for Marine Spatial Planning, Marine Policy 32(2008), pp. 797-810. - doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2008.03.013
J. Zaucha, The Key to Governing the Fragile Baltic Sea. Maritime Spatial Planning in the Baltic Sea Region and Way Forward, VASAB 2014; J. Zaucha, Sea Basin Maritime Spatial Planning: A case study of the Baltic Sea region and Poland, Marine Policy 50 (2014), pp. 34-45; H. Backer, Marine Spatial Planning in the Baltic Sea [in:] eds. D. Hassan, T. Koukkanen, N. Soininen, Tranboundary Marine Spatial Planning and International Law, Routledge 2015, p. 132-153. - doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2014.05.003
M. Gilek, B. Hassler, S. Jentoft, Marine Environmental Governance in Europe: Problems and Opportunities, [in:] ed. M. Gilek, K. Kern, Governing Europe’s Marine Environment. Europeanization of Regional Seas or Regionalization of EU Policies? Ashgate 2015, p. 256; S. Söderström, Regional Environmental Governance and Avenues for the Ecosystem Approach to Management in the Baltic Sea Area, Linköping 2017. - doi:10.4324/9781315585543
The Maritime Policy of the Republic of Poland up to 2020 (with perspective up to 2030),
D. Pyć, Zasady morskiego planowania przestrzennego i zintegrowanego zarządzania strefą przybrzeżną, Prawo Morskie t. XXIX, Gdańsk 2013, pp. 117-135.
Article 371) of the Section 9 of the Polish Act on the Marine Areas of the Republic of Poland and the Maritime Administration
Article 37a. § 5 of the Polish Act on the Marine Areas of the Republic of Poland and the Maritime Administration
D. Pyć, Podejście ekosystemowe do morskiego planowania przestrzennego jako praktyka postępowania w zarządzaniu działalnością człowieka, [in:] Europeizacja prawa morskiego, Księga poseminaryjna, Gdańsk 2016, s. 1-22.
D. Pyć, The Role of the Law of the Sea in Marine Spatial Planning, w: Maritime Spatial Planning: past, present, future, J. Zaucha, K. Gee (ed.), 2019, Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 375-395, DOI:10.1007/978-3-319-98696-8_16 - doi:10.1007/978-3-319-98696-8_16
Y. Tanaka, The International Law of the Sea, Cambridge 2012, passim. - doi:10.1017/CBO9780511844478
The Act of 5 August 2015, amending the Act on the Marine Areas of the Republic of Poland and the Maritime Administration and Certain Other Acts (Dz. U. [Journal of Laws] item 1642), which entered into force as of 19 November 2015.
M. Matczak, J. Przedrzymirska, J. Zaucha, A. Schultz-Zehden, Handbook on muli-level consultations in MSP, PartSeaPate 2014:
According to the procedure of the Article 37b) § 1 of the Polish Act on the Marine Areas of the Republic of Poland and the Maritime Administration.
Article 48 of the Act of 27 March 2003 on spatial planning and development, Dz. U. [Journal of Laws] of 2018 items 1945.
Dz. U. [Journal of Laws] of 2017 item 1025.
Timetable for further work on Polish maritime spatial plan is available at: index.html?id=3abee3cc798e499dbd165472425f2434
Citation note:
Pyć D.: Implementation of Marine Spatial Planning Instruments for Sustainable Marine Governance in Poland. TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation, Vol. 13, No. 2, doi:10.12716/1001.13.02.06, pp. 311-316, 2019

Other publications of authors:

File downloaded 401 times

Important: cookie usage
The website uses certain cookies. A cookie is a text-only string of information that the TransNav.EU website transfers to the cookie file of the browser on your computer. Cookies allow the website to perform properly and remember your browsing history. Cookies also help a website to arrange content to match your preferred interests more quickly. Cookies alone cannot be used to identify you.
Akceptuję pliki cookies z tej strony