Journal is indexed in following databases:

2023 Journal Impact Factor - 0.7
2023 CiteScore - 1.4




ISSN 2083-6473
ISSN 2083-6481 (electronic version)




Associate Editor
Prof. Tomasz Neumann

Published by
TransNav, Faculty of Navigation
Gdynia Maritime University
3, John Paul II Avenue
81-345 Gdynia, POLAND
Identifying the Potential Roles of Design-based Failures on Human Errors in Shipboard Operations
1 Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, Turkey
ABSTRACT: Despite the various developments in maritime society, human errors have been continued to be one of the primarily causes of marine accidents. The outcomes of detailed investigations on the root causes of human errors can provide valuable support on execution process of required precautions on board merchant ships. This paper examines the potential role of the design-based failures in shipboard systems on human errors during operational process. After completing the statistical research on maritime accidents, the paper concentrates on the Human Factors Analysis and Classification System (HFACS) and the model is supported with the illustrative cases related to the influences of design-based failures on human errors. Consequently, this study originally proposes integrated unit into the HFACS systematic to manage to identify design-based human errors in maritime casualties. The model is eagerly expected to provide additional contributions on identifying the influences of poor design and constructional failures on human errors.
Baker C.C. & McCafferty D.B. 2005. Accident Database Review of Human-Element Concerns: What do the results mean for classification?, Human Factors in Ship Design, Safety and Operation, 23-24 February, London.
Canadian Transportation Safety Board. 2006. Preliminary Transportation Occurrence Statistics 2006, Canada.
Edwards E. 1972. Man and machine: systems for safety. In: Proceedings of British Airline Pilots Association Technical Symposium. British Airline Pilots Association, London, UK: 21–36.
Esbensen P., Johnson R.E. & Kayten P. 1985. The importance of crew training and standard operating procedures in commercial vessel accident prevention. Paper presented at the Tenth ship technology and research (STAR) symposium, Norfolk.
Hansen H.L., Nielsen D. & Frydenberg M. 2002. Occupational accidents aboard merchant ships. Occupational & Environmental Medicine, 59 (2): 85?91.
Hetherington C., Flin R. & Mearns K. 2006. Safety in shipping: The human element. Journal of Safety Research, 37 (4): 401-411.
Maritime Safety Authority of New Zealand. 1995–1996. Maritime accidents.
MAIB 2000. Annual report 1999. London: Department of the Environment Transport and Regions.
Moray, N. 2000. Culture, politics and ergonomics. Ergonomics, 43 (7): 858–868.
O’Hare D. 2000. The “wheel of misfortune”: a taxonomic approach to human factors in accident investigation and analysis in aviation and other complex systems. Ergonomics, 43 (12): 2001–2019.
O'Neil, W. A. 2003. The human element in shipping. World Maritime University Journal of Maritime Affairs, 2(2): 95?97.
Rasmussen, J. 1982. Human errors: A taxonomy for describing human malfunction in industrial installations. J. Occup. Accid. 4: 311–333.
Reason J. 1990a. Human error. Cambridge University Press. New York.
Reason J. 1990b. The contribution of latent human failures to the breakdown of complex systems. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 327: 475-484.
Shappell S.A & Wiegmann D.A. 2001. Applying reason: the human factors analysis and classification System-HFACS. Human Factors and Aerospace Safety, 1 (1): 59-86.
Rothblum, A.R. 2000. Human error and marine safety. Paper presented at the National Safety Council Congress and Expo, Orlando, FL.
UK P&I Club. 1997. Analysis of major claims: ten years trends in maritime risk, London:
United States Coast Guard. 2004. Fiscal year 2004 report. Retrieved 08/07/04, 2004.
Wickens C. & Flach J. 1988. Information processing. In: Wiener, E.L., Nagel, D.C. (Eds.), Human Factors in Aviation. Academic, San Diego, CA: 111–155.
Wagenaar, W.A. & Groeneweg J. 1987. Accidents at sea: Multiple causes and impossible consequences. International Journal of Man-Machine Studies, 27(5-6): 587?598.
Wiegmann D.A. & Shapell S.A. 2001a. Human error analysis of commercial aviation accidents: application of the Human Factors Analysis and Classification system (HFACS). Aviat Space Environ Med, 72(11): 1006-1016.
Wiegmann D. & Shappell S. 2001b. A human error analysis of commercial aviation accidents using the human factors analysis and classification system (HFACS). Federal Aviation Administration, National Technical Information Service, N Springfield, VA.
Wiegmann D. & Shappell S. 2003. A Human Error Approach to Aviation Accident Analysis: The Human Factors Analysis and Classification System. Ashgate Publishing Ltd., Aldershot.
Citation note:
Celik M., Er I.D.: Identifying the Potential Roles of Design-based Failures on Human Errors in Shipboard Operations. TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation, Vol. 1, No. 3, pp. 339-343, 2007

Other publications of authors:

File downloaded 2087 times

Important: cookie usage
The website uses certain cookies. A cookie is a text-only string of information that the TransNav.EU website transfers to the cookie file of the browser on your computer. Cookies allow the website to perform properly and remember your browsing history. Cookies also help a website to arrange content to match your preferred interests more quickly. Cookies alone cannot be used to identify you.
Akceptuję pliki cookies z tej strony