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2022 Journal Impact Factor - 0.6
2022 CiteScore - 1.7




ISSN 2083-6473
ISSN 2083-6481 (electronic version)




Associate Editor
Prof. Tomasz Neumann

Published by
TransNav, Faculty of Navigation
Gdynia Maritime University
3, John Paul II Avenue
81-345 Gdynia, POLAND
'Ground effect' Inter-Modal Fast Sea Transport
1 Institute of Aviation, Warsaw, Poland
ABSTRACT: Energy and emission reduction strategies are extremely important in actual transport situation. ?Ground effect? technology recognized from the late sixties has a problem with wide expanding in sea transport. It is connected with stability and control systems, aerodynamics of landing and take off also sea state of civil and military Ground Effect Craft named also WIGs ((Wing in Ground effect) or ekranoplanes Airfoil Development Gmbh (AFD) was certified in late 90-ies interesting design of ekranoplane ? Airfish 8? by Germanischer Llyod ( +100 A0 WIG ? A , WH 0,5/1,5 EXP) like the fist civil ekranoplane. The Hoverwing 50 alias WST 500- has successful flown in Korea under AFD licence. Last developments in the aviation field indicates new role in maritime transport of WIG?s. Innovations in the fields of aviation improving the performances of WIGs in new future make possible to introduce this idea like "Ground effect" Inter-Modal Fast Sea Transport, which complement other modes of transport and flow of passengers also.
D 3.1 The ROADMAP for technology development for future Small Air Transport system and its elements
Drinkard Terry Floating Airports http://www.
Fisher Hanno,Flightship 8, AFD Airfoil Development GmbH,2010
Hoverwing WIG craft technology, Second generation Wing in Ground Effect crafts by Hanno Fischer
Kaszyn W. Rosyjsko-chiński ekranoplan http://polish.
Komissarov Sergey “Russia’s Ekranoplanes ISBN 1 85780 146 6 reprint 2004 Midland publishing
Lendon Brent, Iran unveils squadrons of flying boats
Nebylov A., Wilson P.A. Ekranoplanes: Controlled Flight Close to the Sea VIDEO and CD-ROM, Wit Pr/Computational Mechanics ISBN-10 1853128317, 2002
Pągowski Z.T. Szafran K. Kończak J. “Ground effect” Transport on the Baltic Sea, Maritime Transport & Shiping. Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation CRC PRESS Taylor & FrancisGroup 978-1-138-00105-3 (HBK) pp.221-234
SAT – Rdmp index.htm
Citation note:
Pągowski Z.T., Szafran K.: 'Ground effect' Inter-Modal Fast Sea Transport. TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation, Vol. 8, No. 2, doi:10.12716/1001.08.02.18, pp. 317-320, 2014

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