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ISSN 2083-6473
ISSN 2083-6481 (electronic version)
 

 

 

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Associate Editor
Prof. Tomasz Neumann
 

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TransNav, Faculty of Navigation
Gdynia Maritime University
3, John Paul II Avenue
81-345 Gdynia, POLAND
www http://www.transnav.eu
e-mail transnav@umg.edu.pl
Evolution of SBAS/EGNOS Enabled Devices in Maritime
ABSTRACT: The maritime sector was one of the first communities that recognized and exploited the opportunities and advantages provided by Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS). In fact, GNSS have become the primary means of obtaining Position, Navigation and Timing (PNT) information at sea. Most of the ships in the world are equipped with GNSS receivers. GPS provides the fastest and most accurate method for mariners to navigate, measure speed, and determine location. However, its performance can be enhanced by taking advantage of augmentation systems such as differential GNSS or Satellite-Based Augmentation Systems (SBAS/EGNOS), especially in terms of accuracy. Direct access to EGNOS in vessels can be achieved through EGNOS-enabled navigation receivers and EGNOS-enabled AIS transponders. This paper provides an analysis of the number of onboard devices, mainly devoted to navigation purposes, and AIS transponders which are SBAS compatible. In addition, other equipment using GNSS positioning in the maritime and inland waterways domains are also considered for the analysis of SBAS compatibility, including inland AIS, Portable Pilot Units (PPUs) and Dynamic Positioning (DP) equipment. A first survey was done in 2017 to have an overview of the percentage of SBAS enabled devices available in the maritime market [8]. Since then, the analysis has been yearly updated to understand the market evolution in terms of SBAS compatibility and its main results are summarised in this paper.
REFERENCES
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EU Directive 2002/59/EC: Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 June 2002 establishing a Community vessel traffic monitoring and information system. (2002).
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IALA: An Overview of AIS. (2016).
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SOLAS: International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea. (1974).
GSA: Report on Maritime and Inland Waterways user needs and requirements. GSA-MKD-MAR-UREQ-229399 Issue/Revision: 2.0 Date: 01/07/2019
IALA: Guideline 1112. Performance and monitoring of DGNSS Services in the Frequency band 283.5 - 325 KHz. Edition 1.0. May 2015
CCNR: List of approved Inland AIS equipment in accordance with the Rhine Vessel Inspection Regulations. 21.12.2018
UNECE: International Standard for Tracking and Tracing on Inland Waterways (VTT). Ref.: ECE/TRANS/ SC.3/176/Rev.1. 2015
IMPA: Guidelines on the design and use of Portable Pilot Units. 2016
Citation note:
López M., Antón V.: Evolution of SBAS/EGNOS Enabled Devices in Maritime. TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation, Vol. 15, No. 3, doi:10.12716/1001.15.03.06, pp. 541-549, 2021

Other publications of authors:

R. González, E. Lacarra, M. López, K. Heikonen

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