Journal is indexed in following databases:

2022 Journal Impact Factor - 0.6
2022 CiteScore - 1.7




ISSN 2083-6473
ISSN 2083-6481 (electronic version)




Associate Editor
Prof. Tomasz Neumann

Published by
TransNav, Faculty of Navigation
Gdynia Maritime University
3, John Paul II Avenue
81-345 Gdynia, POLAND
Development of Evaluation Procedures for Watchkeeping Officers Using Bridge Simulator
ABSTRACT: A comprehensive assessment of watchkeeping officers should be considered as a preventive measure in terms of safety of navigation. Watchkeeping officers are assigned after passing exams of state authorities and various evaluation procedures of companies. However, they are not subjected to comprehensive evaluations with practical implementations. Therefore, this study aims to develop effective use of simulators in terms of comprehensive evaluation of watchkeeping officers. In this study, simulation was designed with Goal-Directed Task Analysis (GDTA) technique to indicate important points on the situations watchkeeping officers face in navigation. 3 parameters were determined for difficulty adjustment; visibility, traffic density, geography. At the last phase of this study, performance evaluation method was prepared for performance evaluation of watchkeeping officer and scenario was evaluated for comprehensiveness by oceangoing masters. Hereby, the developed performance evaluation method for navigation can be used to generate more reliable method to evaluate the officers’ competence of technical skills.
Cook, R. C., Marino, K. L., & Cooper, R. B. (1981). A Simulator Study of Deepwater Port Shiphandling and Navigation Problems in Poor Visibility (No. EA-80-U-099). ECLECTECH ASSOCIATES INC NORTH STONINGTON CT.
Deseck, P. 1983. International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea: Barker & Howard Ltd.
Endsley, M. R. (1993). A survey of situation awareness requirements in air-to-air combat fighters. The International Journal of Aviation Psychology, 3(2), 157-168. - doi:10.1207/s15327108ijap0302_5
Gould, K. S., Røed, B. K., Saus, E.-R., Koefoed, V. F., Bridger, R. S., & Moen, B. E. (2009). Effects of navigation method on workload and performance in simulated high-speed ship navigation. Applied ergonomics, 40(1), 103-114. - doi:10.1016/j.apergo.2008.01.001
Grabowski, M., & Sanborn, S. D. (2003). Human performance and embedded intelligent technology in safety-critical systems. International journal of human-computer studies, 58(6), 637-670. - doi:10.1016/S1071-5819(03)00036-3
ICS 1998. Bridge Procedures Guide: Marisec Publications.
Kircher, A., & Lutzhoft, M. (2011). Performance of seafarers during extended simulation runs. In International Conference on Human Factors in Ship Design and Operation (pp. 53-59).
Maurier, P., Barnett, M., Pekcan, C., Gatfield, D., Corrignan, P., & Clarke, G. (2011). Fatigue and Performance in Bridge and Engine Control Room Watchkeeping on a 6on/6off Watch Regime”.
Robert, G., Hockey, J., Healey, A., Crawshaw, M., Wastell, D. G., & Sauer, J. (2003). Cognitive demands of collision avoidance in simulated ship control. Human factors, 45(2), 252-265. - doi:10.1518/hfes.
STCW, International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers (STCW) 1978, as amended in 1995/2010, 2011.
UK. (2018). Dover Strait crossings: channel navigation information service (CNIS). Available:, Access Date: 23.12.2018
Citation note:
Solmaz M.S., Özsever B., Güllü A., Meşe C.: Development of Evaluation Procedures for Watchkeeping Officers Using Bridge Simulator. TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation, Vol. 14, No. 3, doi:10.12716/1001.14.03.07, pp. 565-571, 2020

File downloaded 389 times

Important: cookie usage
The website uses certain cookies. A cookie is a text-only string of information that the TransNav.EU website transfers to the cookie file of the browser on your computer. Cookies allow the website to perform properly and remember your browsing history. Cookies also help a website to arrange content to match your preferred interests more quickly. Cookies alone cannot be used to identify you.
Akceptuję pliki cookies z tej strony