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2022 Journal Impact Factor - 0.6
2022 CiteScore - 1.7




ISSN 2083-6473
ISSN 2083-6481 (electronic version)




Associate Editor
Prof. Tomasz Neumann

Published by
TransNav, Faculty of Navigation
Gdynia Maritime University
3, John Paul II Avenue
81-345 Gdynia, POLAND
Determination of normal heights in the area of Polish Economic Zone
1 Gdynia Maritime University, Gdynia, Poland
2 Maria Skłodowska-Curie Medical Academy in Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
ABSTRACT: The article presents a method of determining the level of the seabed in the Polish reference system. The authors show how to determine the ellipsoidal height of the seabed using GNSS measurements and single-beam echo sounders. The authors propose the transition to the system of normal heights referred to the average level of the North Sea as defined by the tide-gauge in Amsterdam to be made using the EGM 2008 model and data from the official Polish quasi-geoid model as well as data from another model distributed by GUGiK (Head Office of Geodesy and Cartography). The article presents also potential errors of the presented method.
Czarnecki K., (2010), Geodezja współczesna w zarysie. Katowice: Wydawnictwo Gall.
Pałczyńska I., (2017), Opracowanie mapy geoidy EGM2008 dla Zatoki Gdańskiej. (Master’s thesis), Faculty of Navigation, Gdynia Maritime Academy, Unpublished manuscript.
Regulation of the Council of Ministers of 15 October 2012 on the state spatial reference system, Journal of Laws of the Republic of Poland, Warsaw, 14 November 2012, Item 1247 (in Polish).
Resolution No. 5 of the EUREF Symposium in Tromsø, 22 – 24 June 2000. Available from: symposia/book2000/P_340_341.pdf
Citation note:
Rogowski J.B., Kłęk M.: Determination of normal heights in the area of Polish Economic Zone. TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation, Vol. 11, No. 4, doi:10.12716/1001.11.04.22, pp. 737-739, 2017
Authors in other databases:
Jerzy B. Rogowski: Scopus icon7006403436
Magdalena Kłęk:

Other publications of authors:

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