Journal is indexed in following databases:

2023 Journal Impact Factor - 0.7
2023 CiteScore - 1.4




ISSN 2083-6473
ISSN 2083-6481 (electronic version)




Associate Editor
Prof. Tomasz Neumann

Published by
TransNav, Faculty of Navigation
Gdynia Maritime University
3, John Paul II Avenue
81-345 Gdynia, POLAND
Availability of the GNSS Geodetic Networks Position during the Hydrographic Surveys in the Ports
1 Gdynia Maritime University, Gdynia, Poland
2 Polish Naval Academy, Gdynia, Poland
ABSTRACT: Geodetic network GNSS receivers are more commonly associated with positioning systems used in maritime hydrography. In terms of positioning accuracy when no terrain obstacles are present, they meet international hydrographic surveys standards (S-44) fully. Those standards are defined as 1m (0.95) for Exclusive Order and 2m (0.95) for Special Order. It is equally as important to ensure access to position which error is not higher than above mentioned maximum values. This is most often determined by the density of port infrastructure. This article presents the results of analysis of availability of hydrographic system that operates based on geodetic GNSS networks. Hydrographic surveys in question were undertaken in inner basins with diverse infrastructure. Three representative types of ports were selected for this reason: fishing type (Hel), medium sized, modern commercial type (Gdynia) and highly congested, narrow canal type (Gdansk – Motlawa). A non-public, geodetic GNSS network was used for all surveys. It is worth mentioning that the above network is at the moment the only available network that provides both GPS and GLONASS corrections. The surveys provided evidence that geodetic GNSS networks can be successfully utilised to determine position of hydrographic vessel in low and moderately developed ports as well as in Exclusive and Special Orders. In highly congested ports however, the availability of the above mentioned method of measurement can be insufficient to realise a survey.
CHS (2013). Standards for Hydrographic Surveys, June 2013, Edition 2.
Czaplewski K. (2018). Does Poland Need eLoran?, 18th International Conference on Transport System Telematics, TST 2018, Krakow, Poland, March 20-23: pp. 525-544. - doi:10.1007/978-3-319-97955-7_35
Dziewicki, M., Specht, C. (2009). Position Accuracy Evaluation of the Modernized Polish DGPS. Polish Maritime Research, Volume 16, Issue 4, pp. 57-61. - doi:10.2478/v10012-008-0057-x
IHO (2008). Special Publication S-44, Standards for Hydrographic Surveys, International Hydrographic Office Monaco.
Kelner J., Ziółkowski C., Nowosielski, L., Wnuk M., (2016). Reserve navigation system for ships based on coastal radio beacons, IEEE/ION Position Location and Navigation Symposium, PLANS, Savannah, GA, USA, DOI: 10.1109/PLANS.2016.7479726. - doi:10.1109/PLANS.2016.7479726
Makar, A. (2018a). Determination of Inland Areas Coastlines. 18th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM2018, vol. 18 (22), 2018, pp. 701-708.
Makar A. (2018b). Dynamic Tests of ASG-EUPOS Receiver in Hydrographic Application, 2018, 18th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM2018, 18(22), Albena, 743-750.
Sadowski J., Stefański J. (2017). Asynchronous phase-location system, September 2017, DOI:10.1080/20464177.2017.1376372 - doi:10.1080/20464177.2017.1376372
Specht C. (2003). Availability, Reliability and Continuity Model of Differential GPS Transmission, Polish Academy of Sciences, Annual of Navigation no 5.
Specht M., Specht C. (2018). The Use of GNSS Geodetic Networks on the Aproach to the Ports = Gulf of Gdansk Study, 18th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2018, Conference Proceedings, Vol. 18, Issue 23, Albena, Bulgaria, pp 1075-1082.
Specht C., Specht M., Dąbrowski P. (2017). Comparative Analysis of Active Geodetic Networks in Poland, 17th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2017, Conference Proceedings, Vol. 17, Issue 22, 29 June - 5 July, Albena, Bulgaria, 2017, pp. 163-176.
Specht C., Specht M., Świtalski E. (2017). Application of an Autonomous, Unmanned Survey Vessel (ASV/USV) in Bathymetric Measurements, Polish Maritime Research Volume 24, Issue 3, pp. 36-44. doi:10.1515/pomr-2017-0088. - doi:10.1515/pomr-2017-0088
Specht, C., Koc, W., Smolarek, L., Grządziela, A., Szmagliński, J., Specht, M. (2014). Diagnostics of the Tram Track Shape with the use of the Global Positioning Satellite Systems (GPS/Glonass) Measurements with a 20 Hz Frequency Sampling, Journal of Vibroengineering, Volume 16, Issue 6, pp. 3076-3085, ISSN 1392-8716.
Stateczny A., Wlodarczyk-Sielicka M., Gronska D., Motyl W. (2018). Multibeam Echosounder and LiDAR in Process of 360-Degree Numerical Map Production for Restricted Waters with HydroDron, Baltic Geodetic Congress (BGC Geomatics), 288-292.
Stateczny A., Gronska D., Motyl W. (2018). Hydrodron - New Step for Professional Hydrography for Restricted Waters, Baltic Geodetic Congress (BGC Geomatics), 226-230.
Ministry of Defence of the Republic of Poland (2018). Minimum requirements for hydrographic surveys. Dz. U. poz. 888
Guze S., Neumann T., Wilczyński P. (2017). Multi-Criteria Optimisation of Liquid Cargo Transport, Polish Maritime Research, Special Issue 2017 S1 (93) 2017 Vol. 24; pp. 89-96 10.1515/pomr-2017-0026 . - doi:10.1515/pomr-2017-0026
Urbański, J., Morgaś, W., Specht, C. (2008). Perfecting the Maritime Navigation Information Services of the European Union, In 1st International Conference on Information Technology, 18-21 May 2008, pp. 1-4, DOI:10.1109/INFTECH.2008.4621631. - doi:10.1109/INFTECH.2008.4621631
Weintrit, A. (2018). Reliability of navigational charts and confidence in the bathymetric data presented. Scientific Journals of the Maritime University of Szczecin, 54 (126), pp. 84–92. - doi:10.17402/289
Weintrit, A. (2009). The Electronic Chart Display and Information System (ECDIS). An Operational Handbook. A Balkema Book. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, Boca Raton – London – New York – Leiden. - doi:10.1201/9781439847640
Citation note:
Specht C., Makar A., Specht M.: Availability of the GNSS Geodetic Networks Position during the Hydrographic Surveys in the Ports. TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation, Vol. 12, No. 4, doi:10.12716/1001.12.04.02, pp. 657-661, 2018
Authors in other databases:
Artur Makar:

Other publications of authors:

A. Weintrit, R. Wawruch, C. Specht, L. Gucma, Z. Pietrzykowski
K. Czaplewski, C. Specht, P. Dąbrowski, M. Specht, Z. Wiśniewski, W. Koc, A. Wilk, K. Karwowski, P. Chrostowski, J. Szmagliński
A. Halicki, M. Specht, A. Stateczny, C. Specht, O. Specht

File downloaded 444 times

Important: cookie usage
The website uses certain cookies. A cookie is a text-only string of information that the TransNav.EU website transfers to the cookie file of the browser on your computer. Cookies allow the website to perform properly and remember your browsing history. Cookies also help a website to arrange content to match your preferred interests more quickly. Cookies alone cannot be used to identify you.
Akceptuję pliki cookies z tej strony