Journal is indexed in following databases:

2022 Journal Impact Factor - 0.6
2022 CiteScore - 1.7




ISSN 2083-6473
ISSN 2083-6481 (electronic version)




Associate Editor
Prof. Tomasz Neumann

Published by
TransNav, Faculty of Navigation
Gdynia Maritime University
3, John Paul II Avenue
81-345 Gdynia, POLAND
Assessment of Factors Contributing to the Risks of Cargo Liquefication Accident in Bulk Carriers (A Qualitative Approach)
1 Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology, Tokyo, Japan
Times cited (SCOPUS): 1
ABSTRACT: Liquidation of cargo in bulk carrier has been identifying as a major hazard affecting the bulk carrier shipping and has resulted to several loss of lives. This study assesses the liquidation problem in bulk carrier shipping, it also discusses the mechanisms by which cargo liquefaction occurs in bulk carrier and the factors influencing the risks of occurrence, based on a qualitative approach. Based on the findings and survey, the unsafe storage condition, poor compliance with the testing and certification of cargoes, poor loading plan, have been identify as some of the root casual factors influencing the risk of liquidation problem in bulk carrier. This study will contribute to increasing the awareness and understanding of the problem of cargo liquefaction and will facilitate the development of regulations that reflects the realities of this problem and assist in the development of future recommendations for mitigation plans against the liquidation problem in bulk carrier.
Guze, S. et al.: Multi-criteria optimisation of liquid cargo transport according to linguistic approach to the route selection TASK. Polish Maritime Research. S 1, (2017).
Munro, M.C., Mohajerani, A.: Liquefaction Incidents of Mineral Cargoes on Board Bulk Carriers. Advances in Materials Science and Engineering. 2016, 5219474 (2016). - doi:10.1155/2016/5219474
Munro, M.C., Mohajerani, A.: Moisture content limits of Iron Ore Fines to prevent liquefaction during transport: Review and experimental study. International Journal of Mineral Processing. 148, 137–146 (2016). - doi:10.1016/j.minpro.2016.01.019
Roberts, S.E. et al.: Casualties and loss of life in bulk carriers from 1980 to 2010. Marine Policy. 42, 223–235 (2013). - doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2013.02.011
The Commonwealth of the Bahamas.: “M.V Bulk Jupiter” IMO Number 9339947 Official Number 8001956.
Weintrit, A., Neumann, T.: Advances in marine navigation and safety of sea transportation. Introduction. Advances in Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation - 13th International Conference on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation, TransNav 2019. 1 (2019).
Weintrit, A., Neumann, T.: Marine navigation and safety of sea transportation: Maritime transport & shipping. Presented at the (2013).
Bulk carrier,, (2022).
Bulk Carrier Casualty Report 2019,, last accessed 2022/02/24.
International Maritime Organization. International Maritime Solid Bulk Cargoes (IMSBC Code). , London (2018).
Navigation (Marine Casualty) Regulations. Investigation into the shift of cargo on board the Singapore flag bulk carrier PADANG HAWK in the Coral Sea.
Citation note:
Nwigwe T., Minami K.: Assessment of Factors Contributing to the Risks of Cargo Liquefication Accident in Bulk Carriers (A Qualitative Approach). TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation, Vol. 16, No. 1, doi:10.12716/1001.16.01.17, pp. 149-152, 2022

Other publications of authors:

File downloaded 192 times

Important: cookie usage
The website uses certain cookies. A cookie is a text-only string of information that the TransNav.EU website transfers to the cookie file of the browser on your computer. Cookies allow the website to perform properly and remember your browsing history. Cookies also help a website to arrange content to match your preferred interests more quickly. Cookies alone cannot be used to identify you.
Akceptuję pliki cookies z tej strony