ISSN 2083-6473
ISSN 2083-6481 (electronic version)




Associate Editor
Prof. Tomasz Neumann

Published by
TransNav, Faculty of Navigation
Gdynia Maritime University
3, John Paul II Avenue
81-345 Gdynia, POLAND
www http://www.transnav.eu
e-mail transnav@umg.edu.pl
Analysis of Crowdsourced Bathymetry Concept and It's Potential Implications on Safety of Navigation
ABSTRACT: Crowdsourced bathymetry (CSB) is relatively new concept of collecting bathymetric data. CSB can be defined as the collection and sharing of depth data (and metadata) measured and collected by non-traditional survey vessels equipped with navigation instruments, while maintaining their usual operations at sea. International Hydrographic Organization (IHO) has developed Guidance on CSB. This document provides framework for data collection, processing and information about data uncertainty. IHO has also developed model within CSB concept in order to make standardization of CSB data. The data collected using CSB may represent valuable supplement to the existing data collected by hydrographic survey. Despite this fact it is necessary to emphasize that CSB data cannot be used as official data. CSB data collection has also potential legal issues due to the character of sounding passage within territorial and internal waters of coastal states. This paper emphasized the differences between hydrographic survey and CSB. Advantages and disadvantages are analyzed with it's potential implication on safety of navigation. Due to the CSB data collection model limitations, development of bathymetric data collection model on national level is recommended.
About the Seabed 2030 Project. available at https://seabed2030.gebco.net/about_us/
Baxter, C. Crowdsourced Bathymetry Utilising the Crowd to obtain high quality depth data. available at: https://www.ths.org.uk/documents/ths.org.uk/ downloads/1._chris_baxter.pdf
Becker-Heins, R. (2014). ECDIS Basics, A guide to Operational Use of Electronic Chart Display Information System, 1st Edition, Geomares Publishing, Lemmer.
Calder, L., et. al. (2018). A Design for a Trusted Community Bathymetry System (pp. 1). Proceedings Canadian Hydrographic Conference. Victoria, Canada.
Fugro supports two ocean mapping initiatives with large crowdsourced bathymetry contribution. available at: https://www.fugro.com/mediacentre/ news/fulldetails/2019/05/20/fugro-supports-two-ocean-mapping-initiatives-with-large-crowd sourced-bathymetry-contribution
GeoJSON, available at https://geojson.org/
IHO. Acceptance of Crowdsourced Bathymetry Activities In National Waters Of Jurisdiction, available at https://iho.int/en/csbwg
IHO B-12. (2020). Guidance on Crowdsourced Bathymetry, Edition 2.0.3. Monaco.
IHO Data Centre for Digital Bathymetry (DCDB), available at https://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/iho/
IHO Data Center for Digital Bathymetry (IHO-DCDB) – Seabed 2030 Data Center, available at https://seabed2030.gebco.net/iho_dcdb/
IHO Encourages Crowdsourced Bathymetry (2017). Hydro International, May/June 2017, 39.
IHO File No. S3/2649 (2019). Circular Letter 11/2019. Call for approval of Edition 2.0.0 of IHO publication B-12 Crowdsourced bathymetry guidance document. Monaco.
IMO (2014). Safety of Life at Sea Convention, Consolidated Edition 2014. London.
Jakobsson, M. (Ed.), (2017). The Nippon Foundation – GEBCO – Seabed 2030, Roadmap for Future Ocean Floor Mapping (pp. 9). Forum for Future of Ocean Floor Mapping, Monaco
Luma-Ang, C. S. (2017). Crowdsourced Bathymetry: Supporting Progress or Threatening Security. The Maritime Review, 17-5, 23-25.
Rudolf, D. (2014). Enciklopedijski rječnik međunarodnog prava mora. Matica Hrvatska, Zagreb.
Simoniello, C., et. al. (2019). Citizen-Science for the Future: Advisory Case Studies From Around the Globe. Froniters in Marine Science, 6(2019). - doi:10.3389/fmars.2019.00225
United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, available at https://www.un.org/depts/los/ convention_agreements/texts/unclos/unclos_e.pdf
van Norden, M., Cooper, P., & Hersey, J. (2013). Crowdsourced Bathymetry: One Solution for Addressing Nautical Chart Data Deficiencies (pp. 2). US Hydro. New Orleans, United States: The Hydrographic Society of America.
What is a CSV file?, available at https:// www.csvreader.com/csv_format.php
Worldwide volunteers for bathymetric data collection, available at https://www.kartverket.no/ en/About-The-Norwegian-Mapping-Authority/ international-development-cooperation/worldwide -volunteers-for-bathymetric-data-collection/
Wölfl, A.-C., et. al. (2019). Seafloor Mapping – The Challenge of a Truly Global Ocean Bathymetry. Froniters in Marine Science, 6(2019). - doi:10.3389/fmars.2019.00283
Citation note:
Pavić I., Mišković J., Kasum J., Alujević D.: Analysis of Crowdsourced Bathymetry Concept and It's Potential Implications on Safety of Navigation. TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation, Vol. 14, No. 3, doi:10.12716/1001.14.03.21, pp. 681-686, 2020

File downloaded 89 times

Important: TransNav.eu cookie usage
The TransNav.eu website uses certain cookies. A cookie is a text-only string of information that the TransNav.EU website transfers to the cookie file of the browser on your computer. Cookies allow the TransNav.eu website to perform properly and remember your browsing history. Cookies also help a website to arrange content to match your preferred interests more quickly. Cookies alone cannot be used to identify you.
Akceptuję pliki cookies z tej strony