729
1 INTRODUCTION
1.1 Geographyofculture
Geographyofcultureconsiderstheobjectsofnatural
and cultural heritage as elements of geocultural
space (Streletsky, 2005). Culture is understood as a
form of geographic adaptation, in which a person
does not only adapt to the environment, but also
createsit.Thisexplainstheneedtostudytwoareasof
cooperation between human and nature,ʺthe
landscapeincultureʺandʺcultureinthelandscape.ʺ
Subject of the research is the rational content of the
cultureassociatedwiththelifesupport processes. In
contrast to the humanities, applied field and
q
uantitative methods, unlike astroarcheology and
pa
leoastronomy, objects are seen as elements of the
territorialsystem,ingeneral,studiesarecomplex.
1.2 Themethodologyofresearch
Our interdisciplinary research of ancient heritage
objects is based on the methodology of the natural
sciences, system approach and the doctrine of
geosystemsbyV.B.Sochava.Firstofall,thefollowing
theoreti
cal principles are effective: 1. The concept of
geosystem structure as its spatial and temporal
organization (according to Isachenko A.G.); 2. The
idea of the constructive role of supersystems
(accordingtoDyakonovK.N.);3.Theflowsystemas
thebasisofstability(accordingtoArmandoA.D.);4.
The flow of the structurefunct
ion (according to
ViktorovA.S.);5.Theterritorialnetworks(according
toRodomanB.B.).
ThestudiesofV.I.Paraninonhistoricalgeography
playaspecialroleintheresearchofancientheritage
objects, including his conclusions: 1. names labeling
of elements of territorial systems based on the
orient
ationofthesun;2.mappingmodelsofgeospace
rhythmofnaturalprocesses(suchasthe1850summer
humidification cycle); 3. the role of transport
Cross-disciplinary Researches of Objects of Ancient
Heritage on the Example of Stone Labyrinths and
Petroglyph
A.N.Paranina&R.Paranin
HerzenStatePedagogicalUniversity,StPetersburg,Russia
T.N.Khetagurov
NorthernOssetiaAlania
ABSTRACT:Asanexampleofcrossdisciplinaryresearchesof objectsofancient heritage, labyrinths
stone
constructions and petroglyphs are considered. The researches conducted by authors with application of a
gnomonofsolarclockscalendarsopenpurposeofpartsoflabyrinthsasmarkersofageographicalspacetime.
Resultsoftheanalysisofconditionsofsolarnavigationaregivenindifferentlatitudeswhichisconsideredby
aut
horsasamethodologicalbasisofresearchesinculturegeography.Onthebasisofinstrumentalfunctionof
objectsthecorrectexplanationofthecontradictorysymbolicalinterpretationwhichcollectedinhumanitarian
researches is received. Possibilities of cross disciplinary researches with use of archaeological, historical,
ethnographicdataandthenavigationconceptofinformationalmodeloperationoftheworldareshown.
http://www.transnav.eu
the International Journal
on Marine Navigation
and Safety of Sea Transportation
Volume 11
Number 4
December 2017
DOI:10.12716/1001.11.04.21