151
1 INTRODUCTION
Shipments requiring handling of oversize cargo in
maritime transport are increasing and due to their
size,weightorspecific character of carriage, require
individualsolutions.
There are special handling installations on the
terminals, factory sites, ports and docks for the
oversize transport. The applicable safety rules, i.e.
issued by the International Maritime Organization,
the Road Administration or Rail Administration,
shouldbestrictlyrespected.
Every case of handling, stowage and securing of
suchcargomustbedoneunderthesupervisionofthe
surveyors.Moreoveradequat
ecalculationsshouldbe
made prior to the shipment and necessary permits
andcertificatesshouldbeobtained[2].
Thistypeofcargoincludese.g.drillingpla
tforms
and marine wind turbine bases. Their enormous
parameters require individual approach to loading
and unloading operations. The port location is one
essential aspect decisive for the port capability of
handling heavy and super heavy cargoes. It is the
location that ma
kes some of the seaports unable to
handletheheaviestandlargestpieces ofcargo.Only
port’scloseproximitytotheseamakesitcompetitive
onthemarketofsuperheavycargopieces.Overshort
distancessuchcargoesmaybetowedtotheplaceof
destination or transported over longer distances by
thesocalledheavyliftcarriers.Thesearevesselsfor
the carriage of oversize and heavy cargo, including
superheavyandheavylift
s[2].
TheauthorthepaperisanindependentSurveyor,
swornExpertPolishChamberofMaritimeCommerce
(PCMC).
PCMCis a nationwide, voluntary and self
governmentorganizationofbusinessentitiesrunning
activities under broa dly defined maritime economy.
Theprincipa lpurposeoftheactivitiesoftheChamber
isto create conditions forusing the sea as a natural
fact
or of economic development and also supervises
theactivitiesoftheteamofswornexpertsthatconsist
of150specialistsofdifferentbranches.
Safety of Oversize Cargo in Ports and in the Sea
Transport
M.Chmieliński
PolishNavalAcademy,Gdynia,Poland
ABSTRACT:Authoro
f
thepaperanalyzes problemsrelatedtothe safetyo
f
theoversizecargoinportsandin
the sea transport.Variousmodes of transportare used to carry oversized units that often include maritime
transport.Transportofoversizedcargoincludesnonstandardlargeandheavypiecesofcargo,suchaselectric
transformers,reactorvessels,windturbines,airplanefuselageornuclearpowerpla
ntcomponents.Theabove
paper is based on results of research oversized cargo in the Elpo Service Company and PolMare Ltd. for
wardingconsultingagency.
http://www.transnav.eu
the International Journal
on Marine Navigation
and Safety of Sea Transportation
Volume 11
Number 1
March 2017
DOI:10.12716/1001.11.01.18