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1 INTRODUCTION
Compared to other forms of tourism, cruising tourism
is a relatively recent phenomenon. The first cruiser,
the Oceanic, built exclusively for cruises in North
America, was delivered to the Home Lines company
in 1965 and this act is considered the beginning of
modern cruising. Since 1966, the Norwegian
Caribbean Line has been offering a year round cruise
itineraries on the Sunward, the first company in the
world to provide this type of offer. Thus, the 1960s
mark the true beginning of cruising with the first
cruises to the Caribbean for US and Canadian
passengers. From the 1970s on, there has been a
continuous growth of cruises, this trend spreading in
the 1990s first to Europe, primarily the United
Kingdom, and then to the Asia-Pacific region. Cruise
ships today offer a world of innovative facilities and
services that aim to satisfy the expectations of a
growing population of travellers [1].
Rich social and natural tourist resources are highly
valued and recognized by for the cruising industry
[2]. Owing to its natural environment, rich history and
many cultural and historical monuments, Dubrovnik
has reached the very top of the world's tourist
destinations. The beginnings of cruising tourism in
Dubrovnik date back to the 1980s, and today the port
of Dubrovnik occupies an important position
regarding the reception of cruise ships.
Sea cruises have a strong impact on the life and
development of crushing destinations and affect the
social sphere, the economy, and above all the
environment [3]. The article deals with the issue of
cruising tourism in Dubrovnik related to CO
2
pollution. CO
2 emissions are calculated according to
Emission Inventory of Ships Calling at the Port of
Dubrovnik
A. Zekić, R. Ivče & R. Radonja
University of Rijeka, Rijeka, Croatia
ABSTRACT: Cruising tourism is becoming increasingly popular, the number of cruises having seen a
continuous increase since the 1970s. In Croatia as well there is an upward trend in the number of cruise
passengers and ports. Of all Croatian ports, it is the port of Dubrovnik that has had the most calls by foreign
cruisers. The paper analyses the available statistical data on the maritime cruise market in Europe with special
reference to the Mediterranean countries. In the national context, a presentation of cruise traffic in the port of
Dubrovnik is given. Although this type of tourism contributes to the development and improvement of the
economy, it also has a negative impact on the environment through air pollution by CO
2 emissions,
subsequently affecting human health as well. The authors investigate the level of CO
2 emissions in the area of
the port of Dubrovnik. CO
2 emissions were calculated based on cruiser activity, the calculations being based on
CO
2 emissions for three ship navigation modes - slow steaming on arrival and departure, manoeuvring on
arrival and departure, and for a berthed ship. The aim of the research was to provide a better insight in the
emission inventories in this area. This research can also be applied to other port areas.
http://www.transnav.
eu
the
International Journal
on Marine Navigation
and Safety of Sea Transportation
Volume 16
Number 2
June 2022
DOI: 10.12716/1001.16.02.03