EMSA was set up as a regulatory agency that would
provide a major source of support to the European
Commission and the member states in the field of
maritime safety, security and prevention of pollution
from ships. The Agency was established by
(EC) No. 1406/2002 and subsequent amendments
have refined and enlarged its mandate to cover,
among other measures, the efficiency of maritime
transport. Based in Lisbon, the agency provides
technical assistance and support to the European
Commission and Member States in the development
and implementation of EU legislation on maritime
safety, pollution by ships and maritime security. It has
also been given operational tasks in the field of oil
pollution response, vessel monitoring and in long-
range identification tracking of vessels. Every year
EMSA is collecting reports and data about incidents
which: involve ships flying a flag of one of the
European Union Member State; occur within EU
Member States’ territorial waters as defined in
UCLOS (United Nations Convention on the Law of
the Sea); or involve other substantial interests of EU
Member State.
EMSA has developed the tool to be able to collect
and classify data about casualties EMCIP (European
Marine Casualty Information Platform). System is
unifying and simplifying way of reporting events by
shore authorities and maritime personnel. Picture
(pic.1) below shows simplified model of ship’s
accident report made with EMCIP. Thanks to use of
very simple structure, report is easy to do. According
to last annual report about 60% of incidents is
reported by shore authorities, 23% of reports come
from companies and about 12% from ships. As
statistics show during last 5 years their total amount is
similar every year and stays on the level of around
3000 reports per year.
DMAIB is in charge of investigation of accidents
occurring in Danish territorial waters and on board of
ships carrying Danish flag. Danish territorial waters
contain waters of Kattegat and The Sound which are
main connection between Atlantic Ocean and Baltic
Analysis of Navigational Casualties within European
Waters and Case Study
A. Kerbrat
Gdynia Maritime University, Gdynia, Poland
ABSTRACT: Work shortly analyses statistics of maritime casualties registered by European Maritime Safety
Agency (EMSA) for years 2014-2019 and gives short description of chosen collisions that took place in last ten
years. Article points out main causes of navigational accidents and the need to keep improving navigators skills
and operation of systems available on board to minimalize risk of collision or grounding due to human error. In
this work very small sample is presented and author mainly focuses on European waters and incidents
investigated by only one maritime authority Danish Maritime Accidents Investigation Board (DMAIB).
the International Journal
on Marine Navigation
and Safety of Sea Transportation
Volume 15
Number 4
December 2021
DOI: 10.12716/1001.15.04.02