637
1 INTRODUCTION
The priority of the maritime transport operation is a
high level of security, which must be constantly
monitored by shipowners with a security
management system. The genesis of the International
Code for the Management of Safe Ship Operations
and Pollution Prevention and the revised guidelines
for the administration of the ISM Code by
administrations goes back to the early 1980s.
Arrangement of safe ship management and operation
and consequent minimization of errors human being
by far the most common cause of marine disasters is
its main. The shipowner's and ship's certification
procedure for the Safety Management System (SMS)
is in line with Regulation (EC) No 336/2006 [1] of the
European Parliament and the Council of Europe of 15
February 2006 on the implementation of the ISM Code
Information Flow in Maritime Safety Management
S
ystems
M. Graboń
-Chałupczak
WSB University, Dąbrowa Górnicza, Poland
ABSTRACT: The priority of the maritime transport operation is a high level of security, which must be
constantly monitored by shipowners with a security management system. The origin of the International Code
for the Management of Safe Ship Operations and Pollution Prevention and the revised guidelines for the
administration of the ISM Code by administrations, the first formal mandatory standard for safety management
and pollution prevention goes back to the early 1980s. Arrangement of safe ship management and operation
and consequent minimization of errors human being by far the most common cause of marine disasters is its
main. The shipowner's and ship's certification procedure for the Safety Management System (SMS) is in line
with Regulation (EC) No 336/2006 [1] of the European Parliament and the Council of Europe of 15 February
2006 on the implementation of the ISM Code in the Community, together with the Commission's amendment
European Union of June 16, 2008. The documentation contains a developed Safety Management System
adapted to the conditions of a given shipowner. All elements of the system must be documented, and, above
all, the duties must be described in the organizational structures. Documentation must indicate how
management supervises activities at various levels, employee pa
rticipation and individual management
representatives in individual processes, and how the safety management system is constantly improved. The
shipowner maintains a security management system in line with the requirements of the Code and complies
with the requirements of the certification system.
The amount of information and the speed of changes taking place in the environment makes it necessary to
introduce a system of information management and channels of their flow not only within the organization, but
also in communication with third parties. Proper management of information resources increases the efficiency
and effectiveness of the system. In the publication, the possibility of a formalized description of information
flow in a well-functioning shipowner's safety management system.
http://www.transnav.eu
the
International Journal
on Marine Navigation
and Safety of Sea Transportation
Volume 14
Number 3
September 2020
DOI:
10.12716/1001.14.03.15
638
in the Community, together with the Commission's
amendment European Union of June 16, 2008.
ISM Code is the first in the history of shipping a
formal, mandatory standard of safety management
and pollution prevention. Its creation was aimed at
organizing the principles of safe management and
operation of ships, and thus the total or at least partial
elimination of human errors, which are the most
common cause of maritime disasters. These errors are
prevented by developing and implementing the
safety management system (SMS) in each shipping
company and ships. The shipowner maintains a
security management system in line with the
requirements of the ISM Code and complies with the
requirements of the certification system [2][3].
The amount of information and the speed of
changes taking place in the environment makes it
necessary to introduce a system of information
management and channels of their flow not only
within the organization, but also in communication
with third parties. Proper management of information
resources increases the efficiency and effectiveness of
the system. The publication describes the possibility
of a formalized description of information flow in a
well-functioning shipowner's safety management
system with a comparison of similar identification for
a safety management system operating in railway
transport.
2 SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
According to the Regulation (EC) no 336/2006 of the
European Parliament and of the Council of 15
February 2006 on the implementation of the
International Safety Management Code within the
Community and repealing Council Regulation (EC)
No 3051/95, it is required to specify:
1 Safety and environmental protection policy;
2 Company responsibilities and authority;
3 Designated person(s) to provide a link between the
company and those on board;
4 Master's responsibility and authority;
5 Resources and personel;
6 Development of plans for shipboard operations;
7 Emergency preparedness;
8 Reports and analysis of non-conformities,
accidents and hazardous occurrences;
9 Maintenance of the ship and equipment;
10 Documentation of the safety management system
(SZB);
11 Company verification, review and evaluation.
Functional requirements for a SMS are set out in
point 1.4. Regulation (EC) No. 336/2006. According to
them, the documentation should specify at least:
1 A safety and environmental protection policy;
2 Instructions and procedures to ensure safe
operation of ships and protection of the
environment in compliance with relevant
international and flag State legislation;
3 Defined levels of authority and lines of
communication between, and amongst, shore and
shipboard personnel;
4 Procedures for reporting accidents and non-
conformities with the provisions of ISM Code;
5 Procedures to prepare for and respond to
emergency situations;
6 Procedures for internal audits and management
reviews.
The company is responsible for the development,
implementation and maintenance of the SMS [1][5].
According to the definition contained in the
regulation Company’ means the owner of the ship or
any other organisation or person such as the manager
or the bareboat charterer, who has assumed the
responsibility for the operation of the ship from the
shipowner and who on assuming such responsibility
has agreed to take over all the duties and
responsibility imposed by the Code.
The ISM Code applies to the following types of
ships to companies operating them:
cargo ships and passenger ships, flying the flag of
a Member State, engaged on international voyages;
cargo ships and passenger ships engaged
exclusively on domestic voyages, regardless of
their flag;
cargo ships and passenger ships operating to or
from ports of the Member States, on a regular
shipping service, regardless of their flag;
mobile offshore drilling units operating under the
authority of a Member State.
3 INFORMATION FLOW
In accordance with the requirements of the Regulation
no 336/2006, the shipowner must designate a person
to supervise the SMS, it is a key person in the system.
It is responsible, among other things, for ensuring
communication between the shipowner and the ship's
crew as well as providing information and events to
designated persons. This person is responsible,
among others, for ensuring communication between
the shipowner and the ship's crew as well as
transferring information and events to designated
persons. As part of the functioning of the safety
management system, it is possible to determine the
external and internal information flow channels. The
article presents the possibility of identifying external
information flow channels. An example of the
implementation of such a process in rail transport is
also described.
Rail carriers and infrastructure managers are
required to have a certified safety management
system in accordance with:
Commission Regulation (EU) No 1158/2010 of 9
December 2010 on a common safety method for
assessing conformity with the requirements for
obtaining railway safety certificates;
Commission Regulation (EU) No 1169/2010 of 10
December 2010 on a common safety method for
assessing conformity with the requirements for
obtaining a railway safety authorisation;
point O of Annex II requires the establishment of
mechanisms to ensure enough access to information
within the organization and, where appropriate,
information exchange between organizations using
the same infrastructure.