@article{Bowo_Mutmainnah_Furusho_2017_1, author = {Bowo, Ludfi Pratiwi and Mutmainnah, Wanginingastuti and Furusho, Masao}, title = {The Development of Marine Accidents Human Reliability Assessment Approach: HEART Methodology and MOP Model}, journal = {TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation}, volume = {11}, number = {2}, pages = {249-254}, year = {2017}, url = {./Article_The_Development_of_Marine_Accidents_Bowo,42,721.html}, abstract = {Humans are one of the important factors in the assessment of accidents, particularly marine accidents. Hence, studies are conducted to assess the contribution of human factors in accidents. There are two generations of Human Reliability Assessment (HRA) that have been developed. Those methodologies are classified by the differences of viewpoints of problem-solving, as the first generation and second generation. The accident analysis can be determined using three techniques of analysis; sequential techniques, epidemiological techniques and systemic techniques, where the marine accidents are included in the epidemiological technique. This study compares the Human Error Assessment and Reduction Technique (HEART) methodology and the 4M Overturned Pyramid (MOP) model, which are applied to assess marine accidents. Furthermore, the MOP model can effectively describe the relationships of other factors which affect the accidents; whereas, the HEART methodology is only focused on human factors.}, doi = {10.12716/1001.11.02.06}, issn = {2083-6473}, publisher = {Gdynia Maritime University, Faculty of Navigation}, keywords = {Marine Accidents, Safety Culture, 4M Overturned Pyramid (MOP), Human Reliability, Human Reliability Assessment (HRA), Human Error Assessment and Reduction Technique (HEART), Human Error, Human Factor (HF)} }