@article{Cai_Wen_2014, author = {Cai, Yongqing and Wen, Yuanqiao}, title = {Ship Route Design for Avoiding Heavy Weather and Sea Conditions}, journal = {TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation}, volume = {8}, number = {4}, pages = {551-556}, year = {2014}, url = {./Article_Ship_Route_Design_for_Avoiding_Heavy_Weather_and_Sea_Conditions_Cai,32,540.html}, abstract = {This paper covers the current state of maritime oil transportation in the Baltic Sea and the development of oil transportation in the 2000s, as well as estimations of transported oil volumes in 2020 and 2030 in the Gulf of Finland. The scenarios were formulated on the basis of a current state analysis, energy and transportation strategies and scenarios and expert assessments. The study showed that the volumes of oil transportation in the Gulf of Finland will increase only moderately compared to the current status: 9.5-33.8 %, depending on the scenario. Green energy policy favours renewable energy sources, which can be seen in the smaller volumes of transported oil in the 2030 scenarios compared to the 2020 scenarios. In the Slow development 2020 scenario, oil transport volumes for 2020 are expected to be 170.6 Mt (million tonnes), in the Average development 2020 187.1 Mt and in the Strong development 2020 201.5 Mt. The corresponding oil volumes for the 2030 scenarios were 165 Mt for the Stagnating development 2030 scenario, 177.5 Mt for the Towards a greener society 2030 scenario and 169.5 Mt in the Decarbonising society 2030 scenario.}, doi = {10.12716/1001.08.04.09}, issn = {2083-6473}, publisher = {Gdynia Maritime University, Faculty of Navigation}, keywords = {Ship Route, Ship Route Design, Green Energy Policy, Heavy Weather, Avoiding Heavy Weather, Avoiding Sea Conditions, Baltic Sea, Gulf of Finland} }