@article{Er_2008, author = {Er, Zuhal}, title = {Safety and Security Aspects for the Effective Shipment of Radioactive Materials with Maritime Transportation}, journal = {TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation}, volume = {2}, number = {3}, pages = {303-309}, year = {2008}, url = {./Article_Safety_and_Security_Aspects_for_the_Effective_Shipment_of_Radioactive_Materials_with_Maritime_Transportation_Er,7,109.html}, abstract = {The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) estimates that 10 million shipments of radio-active materials are transported annually. Each shipment is made up of either a single package or a number of packages transported from one location to another. The vast majority of these shipments, some 95%, relate to non-fuel cycle transports such as the transport of smoke detectors, and cobalt sources for medical purposes. Only 5% relate to nuclear fuel cycle transports. This study investigates the safety stability aspect, harmonized regulation based transportation, sustaining shipment aspect for the transportation of radioactive materials by ships. Consequently the originality of this paper appears the alignment of existing maritime rules and regulations with the IAEA regulations in order to provide easy understanding and usage for the establishment of code of safe and secure practices for seafarers with the countermeasures and harmonized regulations that are practically implemented by the navigation officers and Master.}, issn = {2083-6473}, publisher = {Gdynia Maritime University, Faculty of Navigation}, keywords = {Marine Transportation, Radioactive Materials, Shipment of Radioactive Materials, Safety and Security Aspects, Safety and Security in Sea Transportation, IAEA Regulations, International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code (IMDG Code), Carriage of Nuclear Materials} }