@article{Rutkowski_Bozek_2023_1, author = {Rutkowski, Grzegorz and Bozek, Angelika}, title = {Risk Assessment While Maneuvering a Loaded Bulk Carrier in Close Proximity to a Vessel Performing Underwater Work}, journal = {TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation}, volume = {17}, number = {1}, pages = {77-83}, year = {2023}, url = {./Article_Risk_Assessment_While_Maneuvering_Rutkowski,65,1277.html}, abstract = {This article focuses on issues related to risk assessment when maneuvering a loaded bulk carrier in close proximity to a vessel performing underwater work at the time. It is based on a detailed analysis of an incident that took place in the Gulf of Gdansk. The write-up explains real turns of events, conditions and factors that contributed to the incident, but also its consequences are explained. Some other aspects of this article focuses on, are the processes of examination of the direct causes of the incident and identification not compliance with regulations, requirements, or procedures that help to find out the human, technical, and organizational errors. The authors of this text indicate the safety guards that have failed, give the reasons for their failure and, where it was possible, point out the safety guards that should or must be established. The article does not take into account theoretical models for the described accidents, but only practical aspects, human errors and applicable local and international laws and regulations. Particular attention was devoted to the analysis of human errors made by officers maneuvering the surface vessel in the close vicinity of divers performing underwater works.}, doi = {10.12716/1001.17.01.07}, issn = {2083-6473}, publisher = {Gdynia Maritime University, Faculty of Navigation}, keywords = {Risk of Collision, Risk Assessment, Human Error, Underwater work, Incident Investigation, Root causes, Maneuvering Bulk Carrier, Diving Operation} }