@article{Okochi_Nawabi_Hemmi_Takemoto_2022, author = {Okochi, Mika and Nawabi, Fahim and Hemmi, Shin and Takemoto, Takahiro}, title = {Restabilising Afghanistan through a Comprehensive Logistics Framework for the Access to Ports}, journal = {TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation}, volume = {16}, number = {3}, pages = {429-438}, year = {2022}, url = {./Article_Restabilising_Afghanistan_through_Okochi,63,1233.html}, abstract = {This paper aims to examine numerous sustaining factors in the restabilisation of Afghanistan, from legal, logistical and technical perspectives. The significance of logistics and infrastructure for state reconstruction and stability has been recognised by military and engineering practices. However, previous research on Afghanistan has focused on specific areas such as geopolitics, regional studies, bilateral cooperation and international aid. In contrast, this paper examines specialised issues within logistics and infrastructure, i.e., transit rights, access to ports, investors’ codes of conduct and the modus operandi of military and engineering engaged in the construction, operation and protection of infrastructure, which have not yet been fully discussed in the previous research. Furthermore, the importance of logistics of multiple shipping routes will be examined through comparative analysis. Considering a prolonged restabilisation process in land-locked Afghanistan, rights of transit and port access are imperative to achieve safe logistics in energy, water, food and medical supplies. In conclusion, an integrated, comprehensive model agreement for multilateral cooperation would enable international aid to be funnelled via a single scheme. Thus, this paper concludes that the long-term stability and development of Afghanistan will be guaranteed through a comprehensive framework agreement for logistics, which materialises rights of transit and port access.}, doi = {10.12716/1001.16.03.03}, issn = {2083-6473}, publisher = {Gdynia Maritime University, Faculty of Navigation}, keywords = {United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), ASEAN, Comprehensive Logistics Framework, International North-South Transport Corridor (INSTC), Access to Ports, Afghanistan Ports, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)} }