@article{Panaitescu_Panaitescu_Panaitescu_Martes_2018, author = {Panaitescu, Fanel-Viorel and Panaitescu, Mariana and Panaitescu, Vlad-Adrian and Martes, Liliana}, title = {Performances in Tank Cleaning}, journal = {TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation}, volume = {12}, number = {1}, pages = {159-163}, year = {2018}, url = {./Article_Performances_in_Tank_Cleaning_Panaitescu,45,799.html}, abstract = {There are several operations which must do to maximize the performance of tank cleaning. The new advanced technologies in tank cleaning have raised the standards in marine areas. There are many ways to realise optimal cleaning efficiency for different tanks. The evaluation of tank cleaning options means to start with audit of operations: how many tanks require cleaning, are there obstructions in tanks (e.g. agitators, mixers), what residue needs to be removed, are cleaning agents required or is water sufficient, what methods can used for tank cleaning. After these steps, must be verify the results and ensure that the best cleaning values can be achieved in terms of accuracy and reliability. Technology advancements have made it easier to remove stubborn residues, shorten cleaning cycle times and achieve higher levels of automation. In this paper are presented the performances in tank cleaning in accordance with legislation in force. If tank cleaning technologies are effective, then operating costs are minimal.}, doi = {10.12716/1001.12.01.18}, issn = {2083-6473}, publisher = {Gdynia Maritime University, Faculty of Navigation}, keywords = {Tank Cleaning, Ship Operation, Chemicals, Impact Cleaning, Rinsing, Ultra-Violet Spectroscopy, MARPOL, Permanganate Time Test (PTT)} }