@article{Pietrzykowski_Hajduk_2019, author = {Pietrzykowski, Zbigniew and Hajduk, Jerzy}, title = {Operations of Maritime Autonomous Surface Ships}, journal = {TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation}, volume = {13}, number = {4}, pages = {725-733}, year = {2019}, url = {./Article_Operations_of_Maritime_Autonomous_Pietrzykowski,52,949.html}, abstract = {Advancing technologies create unique opportunities for constructing autonomous ships, which, in turn, raise growing interest of the maritime industry, shipowners in particular. These authors have analyzed actions taken in this field and some aspects related to the operations of maritime autonomous surface ships (MASS). The presented case study refers to a ship with a skeleton crew on a deep sea voyage, where the ship’s autonomy is narrowed to the fourth stage of transport task – sea voyage and its navigational aspect.}, doi = {10.12716/1001.13.04.04}, issn = {2083-6473}, publisher = {Gdynia Maritime University, Faculty of Navigation}, keywords = {Maritime Autonomous Surface Ships (MASS), Autonomous Ship, MASS Technology, MASS Autonomy, MASS Safety, Advanced Autonomous Waterborne Application (AAWA), Sea Traffic Management (STM), Situational Awareness at Sea} }