@article{Pastusiak_2020_1, author = {Pastusiak, Tadeusz}, title = {Navigating a Vessel without an Ice Class on the NSR Close to the Front of Ice-free Zone During Ice Melting Period}, journal = {TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation}, volume = {14}, number = {1}, pages = {227-233}, year = {2020}, url = {./Article_Navigating_a_Vessel_without_an_Pastusiak,53,999.html}, abstract = {Arikaynen A.I., Tsubakov K.N. 1987. Alphabet of ice navigation. [in Russian] (Aзayкa лeдoвolo zлaвaниN). Transport, Moscov: 224 Buysse J. 2007. Handling ships in ice, A practical guide to handling 1A and 1AS classed ships. The Nautical Institute, London: 166 House D.J., Lloyd T., Toomey P.R.M., Dickins D. 2010. The ice navigation manual. Witherby Seamanship International Ltd: 409 International Hydrographic Office, 1953. Limits of oceans and seas. Publication S-23: 40 International Hydrographic Office, 2002. Limits of oceans and seas. Publication S-23, Draft 4th Edition, 2002: 235 Jurdzinski M. 2000. Planning the navigation in ice [in Polish] (Planowanie nawigacji w lodach). Wyzsza Szkola Morska, Gdynia: 192 NATICE, 2018. MIZ ice concentration maps in ESRI Shape format. U.S. National Ice Center, http://www.natice.noaa.gov/Main_Products.htm. Accessed 19.12.2018 Natural Earth, 2017. Free vector and raster map data at 1:10 m, 1:50 m, and 1:110 m scales, http://www.naturalearth-data.com. Accessed 01.01.2017 Parnell G.Q. 1986. Ice seamanship, Monograph. The Nauitical Institute: 87 Pastusiak T. 2016a. The time window for vessels without ice strengthening on the Northern Sea Route, Annual of Navigation, No. 23: 103-119 Pastusiak T. 2016b. The Northern Sea Route as a shipping lane. Expectations and Reality, ISBN 978-3-319-41832-2, ISBN eBook 978-3-319-41834-6, Springer International Publishing AG, Switzerland: 247 Pastusiak T. 2016c. Principles of Vessel Route Planning in Ice on the Northern Sea Route, TRANSNAV, International Journal of Marine Navigation and safety of sea transportation, Vol. 10 No. 4 - December 2016 Pastusiak T. 2018. Planning independent transit voyages of vessel without ice strengthening through the Northern Sea Route [in Polish] (Planowanie samodzielnych podrozy tranzytowych statku bez wzmocnien lodowych przez Polnocna Droge Morska). Akademia Morska w Gdyni, Gdynia, ISBN 978-83-7421-286-1: 278 Pastusiak T. 2020. Voyages on the Northern Sea Route, Springer International Publishing, 1st ed. 2020, XXXVIII, Print ISBN 978-3-030-25489-6: 279 Shapaev V.M. 1975. Hydrometeorological conditions and navigation [in Russian] (ГидNоzеNеоNолоlиNеNкие NNловN и zоNеzлавание). Moscov, Transport: 248 }, doi = {10.12716/1001.14.01.29}, issn = {2083-6473}, publisher = {Gdynia Maritime University, Faculty of Navigation}, keywords = {Arctic Navigation, Arctic Area, Northern Sea Route (NSR), Arctic Shipping, Ice-Free Zone, Ice Melting Period, Ice Class, Ice-Free Transit Corridor} }