@article{Ilcev_2011_1, author = {Ilcev, Stojce Dimov}, title = {Maritime Communication, Navigation and Surveillance (CNS)}, journal = {TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation}, volume = {5}, number = {1}, pages = {39-50}, year = {2011}, url = {./Article_Maritime_Communication,__Navigation_Ilcev,17,265.html}, abstract = {This paper introduces development and implementation of Maritime Satellite Communications, Navigation and Surveillance (CNS) of GPS or GLONASS for enhancement of safety and emergency systems including security and control of vessels, logistic and freight at sea, on inland waters and the security of crew and passengers on board ships, cruisers, boats, rigs and hovercrafts. These improvements include many applications for the better management and operation of vessels and they are needed more than ever because of world merchant fleet expansion. Just the top 20 world ships registers have more than 40,000 units under their national flags. Above all, the biggest problem today is that merchant ships and their crews are targets of the types of crime traditionally associated with the maritime industries, such as piracy, robbery and recently, a target for terrorist attacks. Thus, International Maritime Organization (IMO) and flag states will have a vital role in developing International Ship and Port Security (ISPS). The best way to implement ISPS is to design an Approaching and Port Control System (APCS) by special code augmentation satellite CNS for all ships including tracking and monitoring of all vehicle circulation in and out of the seaport area. The establishment of Maritime CNS is discussed as a part of Global Satellite Augmentation Systems (GSAS) of the US GPS and Russian GLONASS for integration of the existing Regional Satellite Augmentation Systems (RSAS) such as the US WAAS, European EGNOS and Japanese MSAS, and for development new RSAS such as the Russian SDMC, Chinese SNAS, Indian GAGAN and African ASAS. This research has also to include RSAS for Australia and South America, to meet all requirements for GSAS and to complement the services already provided by Differential GPS (DGPS) for Maritime application of the US Coast Guard by development Local Satellite Augmentation System (LSAS) in seaports areas.}, issn = {2083-6473}, publisher = {Gdynia Maritime University, Faculty of Navigation}, keywords = {Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS), Global Positioning System (GPS), GLONASS, EGNOS, Maritime Communication, Communication, Navigation and Surveillance (CNS), Global Satellite Augmentation Systems (GSAS), International Ship and Port Facility Security Code (ISPS Code)} }