@article{Arsenie_Hanzu-Pazara_2008, author = {Arsenie, Paulica and Hanzu-Pazara, Radu-Ioan}, title = {Human Errors and Oil Pollution from Tankers}, journal = {TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation}, volume = {2}, number = {4}, pages = {409-413}, year = {2008}, url = {./Article_Human_Errors_and_Oil_Pollution_Arsenie,8,123.html}, abstract = {The economical development of the world is based on transportation system. More than half of the products transported all over the world are carried by sea. Sea transportation is made with different kind of ships, as bulk carriers, cargo vessels, container ships, tankers. Ships are managed by people. In group or as individual, anybody can make errors. In maritime area these errors have as results accidents and disasters. Many of these events affect especially the environment. As 80% of necessary petroleum products are transported by sea, the risk of a major environment disaster caused by human errors is high. Anyway, over 99% of petroleum cargo transported by sea is carried without incidents. This paper presents the effects of human errors, mostly cases that involved tankers, which were produced in the navigation and operational processes.}, issn = {2083-6473}, publisher = {Gdynia Maritime University, Faculty of Navigation}, keywords = {Sea Transportation, Pollution, Environment Protection, Oil Spill, Tankers, Transportation System, Petroleum Cargo, Human Error} }