@article{Pastusiak_2016_2, author = {Pastusiak, Tadeusz}, title = {Functionality of Sea Ice Data Sources on the NSR}, journal = {TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation}, volume = {10}, number = {3}, pages = {441-450}, year = {2016}, url = {./Article_Functionality_of_Sea_Ice_Data_Sources_Pastusiak,39,666.html}, abstract = {The functionality of available official sources of sea ice data for the Northern Sea Route to date is low. In recent years a large number of new publicly available sources have appeared. Their functionality for purposes of route planning has yet to be evaluated. This study presents results of qualitative and expert analyses of various sources. It is proposed to use new indicators to enable comparison of functionality of data sources. New sources provide the technical progress that is instrumental in reducing the amount of effort and influence of the human factor in the decision-making system. The study also presents solutions to the problem of limited bandwidth available at high latitudes with Iridium satellite system. Presented solutions can be used on any vessel by any company or navigator to implement or design the decision support system related to route planning in ice in accordance with the requirements of the ISM Code and concept of e-Navigation.}, doi = {10.12716/1001.10.03.09}, issn = {2083-6473}, publisher = {Gdynia Maritime University, Faculty of Navigation}, keywords = {e-Navigation, Ice Navigation, Arctic Area, Sea Ice Data Source, ISM Code, Ice Certificate, Northern Sea Route (NSR), Iridium Satellite System} }