@article{Yamada_Kagami_Yonehara_Matsunaga_Kato_Terada_Takahashi_Okanoya_Kawamoto_2012_3, author = {Yamada, Hiroko and Kagami, Lisa and Yonehara, Yuta and Matsunaga, H. and Kato, Hidehiro and Terada, Minoru and Takahashi, R. and Okanoya, K. and Kawamoto, T.}, title = {Estimation on Audibility of Large Cetaceans for Improvement of the Under Water Speaker}, journal = {TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation}, volume = {6}, number = {4}, pages = {589-593}, year = {2012}, url = {./Article_Estimation_on_Audibility_of_Large_Yamada,24,401.html}, abstract = {In order to avoid collisions between the hydrofoil (HF) and cetaceans, the Under Water Speaker (UWS) has been installed on the HF. Because of its potential in utility, we tried to improve the UWS to minimize the risk of the collisions. Under our project, we examined three subprojects; 1) Analyzing the characteristics of the HF underwater noise; 2) Assessing audibility of major large cetaceans by measuring their vocalizations and 3) An anatomical prediction of the audible range by examining the cochlear basal membrane. Through the analyses, it was identified that the noise produced by the HF was a broad-band noise with approximately 150dB re 1?Pa-m.That noise level was lower than those of larger boats suggesting difficulties for cetaceans in sensing approach of the vessels. In addition, analysis of their vocalizations and anatomical obervation indicated that dominant frequency of their audible range was lower than signals produced by the existing UWS.}, issn = {2083-6473}, publisher = {Gdynia Maritime University, Faculty of Navigation}, keywords = {Large Cetaceans, Underwater Speaker (UWS), Hydrofoils, Maritime Ecology, Measuring of Vocalization, Underwater Noise, Whales, Maine Biology} }