@article{Kelner_Ziolkowski_2019, author = {Kelner, Jan and Ziolkowski, Cezary}, title = {Errors of UAV Autonomous Landing System for Different Radio Beacon Configurations}, journal = {TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation}, volume = {13}, number = {2}, pages = {429-435}, year = {2019}, url = {./Article_Errors_of_UAV_Autonomous_Landing_Kelner,50,917.html}, abstract = {At the turn of the 20th and 21st centuries, development of microelectronics and microwave techniques allowed for minimization of electronic devices and systems, and the use of microwave frequency bands for modern radio communication systems. On the other hand, the global navigation satellite system (GNSS) have contributed to the popularization of radio navigation in civilian applications. These factors had a direct impact on the development and dissemination of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). In the initial period, the UAVs were used mainly for the army needs. This results also from the legal aspects of the UAV use in the airspace. Currently, commercial UAVs for civilian applications, such as image recognition, monitoring, transport, etc., are presented increasingly. Generally, the GNSS system accuracy for the UAV positioning during a flight is enough. However, the GNSS use for automatic takeoff and landing may be insufficient. The extensive, ground-based navigation support systems used at airports by manned aircraft testify to these. In the UAV case, such systems are not used due to their complexity and price. For this reason, the novel dedicated take-off and landing systems are developed. The proposal of the autonomous landing system, which is based on the Doppler effect, was presented in 2017. In this case, the square-based beacon configuration was analyzed. This paper shows the influence of various beacon configurations in the Doppler-based landing system on the positioning error during the UAV landing approach.}, doi = {10.12716/1001.13.02.22}, issn = {2083-6473}, publisher = {Gdynia Maritime University, Faculty of Navigation}, keywords = {Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS), Aviation, Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV), Drone, UAV Drone, Autonomous Landing System, Doppler-based Landing System, Doppler Effect} }