@article{Baldauf_Baumler_Ölçer_Nakazawa_Benedict_Fischer_Schaub_2013_1, author = {Baldauf, Michael and Baumler, Raphael and Ölçer, Aykut and Nakazawa, Takeshi and Benedict, Knud and Fischer, Sandro and Schaub, Michèle}, title = {Energy-efficient Ship Operation - Training Requirements and Challenges}, journal = {TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation}, volume = {7}, number = {2}, pages = {283-290}, year = {2013}, url = {./Article_Energy-efficient_Ship_Operation_Baldauf,26,437.html}, abstract = {The International Maritime Organization (IMO), through its Maritime Environmental Protection Committee (MEPC), has been carrying out substantive work on the reduction and limitation of greenhouse gas emissions from international shipping since 1997, following the adoption of the Kyoto Protocol and the 1997 MARPOL Conference. While to date no mandatory GHG instrument for international shipping has been adopted, IMO has given significant consideration of the matter and has been working in accordance with an ambitious work plan with a view to adopting a package of technical provisions. Beside the efforts undertaken by IMO, it is assumed that e.g. optimized manoeuvring regimes have potential to contribute to a reduction of GHG emissions. Such procedures and supporting technologies can decrease the negative effects to the environment and also may reduce fuel consumption. However, related training has to be developed and to be integrated into existing course schemes accordingly. IMO intends to develop a Model Course aiming at promoting the energy-efficient operation of ships. This Course will contribute to the IMO?s environmental protection goals as set out in resolutions A.947(23) and A.998(25) by promulgating industry ?best practices?, which reduce greenhouse gas emissions and the negative impact of global shipping on climate change. In this paper the outline of the research work will be introduced and the fundamental ideas and concepts are described. A concept for the overall structure and the development of suggested detailed content of the draft Model course will be exemplarily explained. Also, a developed draft module for the model course with samples of the suggested integrated practical exercises will be introduced and discussed. The materials and data in this publication have been obtained partly through capacity building research project of IAMU kindly supported by the International Association of Maritime Universities (IAMU) and The Nippon Foundation in Japan.}, doi = {10.12716/1001.07.02.16}, issn = {2083-6473}, publisher = {Gdynia Maritime University, Faculty of Navigation}, keywords = {Energy Efficient Ship Operation, Maritime Environmental Protection Committee (MEPC), MARPOL Convention, Kyoto Protocol, Training of Crew, Training Requirements, Training Challenges, International Association of Maritime Universities (IAMU)} }